Work hard and you will find success

Eduard Utkin, Director General of the “Jewellers’ Guild of Russia” Association, expert of the RF Chamber of Commerce and Industry’s Committee on Precious Metals and Precious Stones, told R&P about implementing the SIIS PMPS (State Integrated Information...


GOLDNET.MARKET - “We want and are working to provide business with the opportunity to develop a lot of activity areas”

Today, almost all jewellery companies have their own wholesale websites, online stores, and social media pages. But a year ago, GOLDNET.MARKET, the first jewellery wholesale marketplace appeared in Russia, a new effective tool for the jewellery market...

20 september 2021

Platinum’s rare nature gives it additional value and appeal

Huw Daniel is the CEO of Platinum Guild International, overseeing market development activities in China, Japan, India and the USA, on behalf of the platinum producers of South Africa. Before taking up this role in 2015, Huw ran PGI USA for 12 years...

13 september 2021

Marco Carniello: We want to continue to be the engine boosting the jewellery industry

Italian Exhibition Group (IEG) is a leader in Italy in the organisation of trade fairs and one of the main operators in the trade fair and conference sector at European level, with structures in Rimini and Vicenza, as well as further sites in...

06 september 2021

There is a significant need for smart and technological financial solutions in the diamond industry

MDPS, the Israeli start-up Fintech company from the Mazalit Group is gearing up to enter the diamond industry soon. Zeev Maimon, the CEO of MDPS is also the Founder / CEO of MAZALIT, a B2B payment platform designed and dedicated to the global diamond...

30 august 2021

Sixty Years ago, a kimberlite pipe called Zarnitsa was discovered

22 august 2014

Sixty years ago, on August 21, 1954 geologist Larisa Anatolievna Popugayeva discovered the first kimberlite pipe in the Soviet Union using the method based on pyropes for prospecting the  primary diamond deposits, and she called the pipe ‘Zarnitsa’ (Summer Lightning), says. This is how the first primary diamond deposit was found in our country. Actually, this discovery was the onset of the diamond mining industry of Yakutia.
Before 1938, the USSR imported the rough diamonds for over RUB2 mln that satisfied the needs of the Soviet industry for 50 percent only. During the World War 2, the Soviet Union purchased the roughs fr om England, but with the onset of the ‘cold war’, the diamonds were declared a strategic raw material and their sales to our country were stopped. The USSR had nothing to do but declare the diamond prospecting as a priority task. All the Soviet researchers and geologists considered the Siberian platform to be promising as it was of similar geology as the South-African platform, wh ere the first primary diamond deposits were discovered in the second half of the 19-th century.
In 1950, the Central Expedition of the Geological Survey launched the exploration of the sands from Yakutia to find the diamond indicator minerals. Geologist N.N. Sarsadskikh, the developer of the method for prospecting the kimberlite pipes was the leader of the geological field party. In spring 1953, L.A. Popugayevа joined her field party as a geologist. In the sand deposits of the Daldyn river in the Yakutian taiga, L.A. Popugayeva found ruby-colour mineral grains that turned out to be pyrope, a certain accessory mineral indicating the presence of diamonds in the kimberlites. In June 1954, L.A. Popugayeva and her assistant F.A. Belikov started the development of the deposit at the Daldyn. Their tools included a bucket, shovel, spaddle, manual pan for gem washings and a magnifying glass. They used a washing technique as in the gold production. The sand samples were taken every 500 meters and they advanced not more than 2 kilometers a day. Almost after two months of hard searching and examining every piece of a rock they found with the magnifier, L.A. Popugayeva finally identified the pipe. On August 21, 1954 she picked up a small plain piece of a bluish-grey rock – the first sample of a Siberian kimberlite. It was not only a kimberlite, but the actual proof of the commercial diamondiferous nature of the Siberian platform. 
Next year, 10 more kimberlite pipes were found there, including the Udachnaya pipe rich in diamonds.
For geologists, Zarnitsa became a kind of a field testing site to master the pyrope technique for prospecting the kimberlite bodies. Since, over 800 diamondiferous kimberlite pipes were identified and explored in the West-Yakutian basin.