Diamond-mining countries in Africa: Fact Sheet

22 may 2012

Diamond-mining countries in Africa: Fact Sheet



The African continent is endowed with huge deposits of precious gems that are mined generating considerable profit. The continent has one half of the deposits located outside Russia and two thirds of the world’s forecast diamond resources.

Diamond mining is practiced by 15 countries in Africa. The largest of them, which annually recover over one million carats of diamonds worth more than half a billion U.S. dollars, are Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia and South Africa.

The other countries where diamonds are mined in Africa include Zimbabwe, Guinea, Ghana, Congo, Lesotho, Liberia, Sierra Leone, CAR, Tanzania, and Togo.

Below is the detailed information on the diamond mining in each of the 15 countries. The information covers ministerial heads, companies and their facilities, as well as the country’s production output among other things.



Angola is situated on southern Africa’s Atlantic coast, bordering Namibia, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia. A former colony of Portugal, with a current population of 12.3 million, Angola gained independence in 1975.

Diamonds were first discovered in Angola in 1912. For the next 40 years, the industry was exclusively based on alluvial diamond mining (mining that extracts diamonds from deposits of sand, gravel and clay, which have been naturally transported by water erosion and deposited along either the banks of a river, the shoreline or on the bed of the ocean). Angola has extensive diamond reserves (estimated at 180 million carats), principally in the provinces of Lunda Norte and Lunda Sul in the central and northeastern parts of the country. To date, approximately 700 kimberlites have been located in the country. Most of the diamond rich kimberlites are located along a north east - south west trend that extends in to neighbouring DRC.


Alluvial Diamond Mining

Apart from the numerous artisinal workings scattered throughout the Lundes, some commercial operations are producing good quality stones, despite extensive smuggling and security threats.

Sociedade de Desenvolvimento Mineiro de Angola, S.A.R.L. (SDM) is a joint venture with Endiama (50%) and Odebrecht (50%) to exploit the Tazua deposit at its Luzamba project. Field exploration investigating further alluvial deposits continues, despite numerous withdrawals of personnel due to the security situation. Bulk sampling of river terrace gravels in the vicinity of the Ganzo, Tázua and Ginge river diversions have revealed economic diamond grades. SDM produced a total of 419 000 ct in 2001.

Southern Era discontinued its alluvial mining programmes along the Cuango River, which produced 144 300 carats in 1998.

America Mineral Fields holds the Luremo and Cuango licenses with Endiama. These two licenses cover the northen half of the Cuango Basin, historically a major producer of Angola's diamonds. Based on the security situation in the country, no work has been carried out, although AMF are keen to begin development once the situation is controlled.

Sociedade Mineira do Lucapa (SML) was formed in 1992 as a company representing Endiama (51%) and Sociedada Portugese de Empreendimnetos (49%). SML has invested significantly in the development of several projects in Angola, including exploration concessions totalling 35 000 km2. SML, along with operators ITM Mining operate several alluvial concessions in the Lundes, viz the Calonda project that produced 199 000 ct, the Mufuto project that yielded 244 000 ct and the Lucapa project 69 000 ct in 2001. SML also holds a 15% interest in Southern Era’s Camafuca project and 50% of DiamondWorks’ Yetwene project.

Another major alluvial diamond producer is Associacao Chitotolo that is owned by Sociedada Miniera de Lumanhe (15%), ITM Mining (50%) and Endiama (35%). Chitolo produced 232 000 ct in 2001.


Kimberlite Production

The Catoca Mine is the world’s 4th largest kimberlite and is currently being operated by SMC (Sociedade Miniera de Catoca), which is in turn owned by Endiama (32.8%), Russia's Alrosa (32.8%), Brazil’s Odebrecht Mining (16.4%) and the Diamond Finance CY BV Group (18%). The mine produced just over 2.6 Mct in 2001. The kimberlite yields quality diamonds, of which 35% is gem quality, fetching prices of around $75 - $100/carat. Reserves are estimated at 60 million carats. SMC intends increasing production to as much as 5 Mct per year.

DiamondWorks, through its wholly owned subsidiary, Branch Energy, has numerous interests in Angola, including alluvial and kimberlite operations. DiamondWorks operated the Luo and Yetwene kimberlite mines. The Camatchia and Camagico diamondiferous kimberlite pipes are also located within DiamondWorks’ license areas. The Luo mine began production in 1997 and has produced almost 200 000ct, with diamonds fetching between $120 and 350/carat. The largest diamond recovered to date has been a 232.6 carat stone. The Yetwene mine began production in June 1998. Exploration activities on this property have been suspended due to the security situation. DiamondWorks have alluvial concessions in and around the kimberlite operations, including the Luarica property (North of Luo) and the Alto Kwanza property in the Bie province of central Angola. The Alto Kwanza concession is Diamondworks’ largest, with an area of 18 000km2.

Southern Era is currently investigating the Camafuca - Camazambo kimberlite pipe in the Calonda area of the Lunde Norte province. Camafuca is estimated to be the world’s largest undeveloped diamondiferous pipe with a surface area of 160 hectares. The pipe is approximately 3.3 kilometres in length and 500 metres in width, and lies 40 kilometres north of the Luo concession on the Chicapa River. Camufuca was the first kimberlite pipe to be discovered in Angola. Recent sampling of the Camafuca pipe yielded just over 1000 carats from a bulk sample of 3 500 m3treated. This represents a significant increase from previous historical estimates. Grades ranged from $126 - $140/carat, with 32% of the diamonds being greater than 1 carat in size and 21% greater than 2 carats.


Kimberlite and Alluvial Exploration

Several foreign companies had been carrying out exploration programmes in Angola, including De Beers, Botswana Diamondfields, Amcan, American Mineral Fields and Petra Diamonds.

De Beers has been given approval by the Angolan council of ministers to prospect for five years on three prospects covering a total of 63,000 km2 in the Quela, Mavinga and Lunda Norte areas of the country. The company plans to spend $ 75 million on this venture. In June 1996, De Beers and Endiama signed new prospecting agreements. De Beers Consolidated Mines has started drilling for kimberlites on its three concessions near Saurimo in Lunda Norte province, the first drilling De Beers has done for diamonds in Angola since the country's independence from Portugal in 1975. De Beers also has concessions at Mavinga in the southern Cuango Cubango province and at Quela off the Cuango River valley. These concessions await progress in ending the civil war. De Beers and Endiama uncovered two kimberlites north of Saurimo near the Catoca mine of northeastern Angola.


i.        Ministry 

Industry, Mines and Geology minister: Joaquim David

Secretary of State for Geology and Mining: Mankenda Ambroise

Address: Rua Sequeira Lukoki,

25 – Luanda,


Phone+244 222 322766     

Fax +244 222 321655




       Catoca Diamond Mine

The Catoca diamond mine is the fourth largest diamond mine in the world, it is owned by a consortium of international mining interests, including Endiama (the state mining company of Angola) (32.8% ownership), Alrosa of Russia (32.8%), Odebrecht of Brazil (16.4%), and the Diamond Finance CY BV Group (16.8%). The mine is located on a kimberlite pipe.

The mine had production of 1.8 million carats (360 kg) in 2000 and 2.6 million carats (520 kg) in 2001. Catoca management has been actively expanding capacity at the mine. The mine's production is 35 % gem quality, compared to a global average of 20 %; the diamonds produced at Catoca have an average value of $75 to $100 USD per carat (375 to 500 $/g). Estimated reserves are 60 million carats (12,000 kg).


The diamonds from Catoca Mining Society topped the sales of 2009, with a net profit of 70 million US Dollar, resulting from a gross production of $122.6 million. The information is contained in an annual report from the company released in September 2010. According to the source, the sales reached 7.050.521 carat, at the average rate of 62.23 US Dollar, a volume that represented about 78 percent of the amount sold by the diamond companies around the country. The note states that as a result of the processing of the ore, the company obtained a total of 7.5 million carat that permitted to establish the operational costs.


Owners:               Alrosa (32.8%)

                            Endiama (32.8%)

                            Odebrecht (16.4%)

                              Diamond Finance CY BV Group (16.8%)

 Production:         7 million carats sold in 2009

 Management:    José Manuel Augusto Ganga Junior, General Director

                             David Mishal, Financial Director

 Contact:   (002442) 676700 | (002442) 676701 | Fax: (002442) 390840

 Site: http://www.catoca.com


Fucauma Diamond Mine

The Fucauma Diamond Mine is a diamond mine under construction in the Lunda Norte Province of Angola. The mine is owned by a consortium of diamond mining companies, the two largest holders being Endiama with 40 percent ownership and Trans Hex with 35 % ownership.

A feasibility study was done, which included the second phase of bulk sampling and drilling was completed in February 2004.

Facauma is under care maintenance.


Major Owners:   Endiama (40%)

                           Trans Hex (35%)

Production: 120,000 carats per annum

Management: Rosalino Caetano - Country Manager: Trans Hex Angola


Luarica diamond mine

The Luarica diamond mine is owned by a consortium of diamond mining companies, the two largest holders being Endiama with 38 percent ownership and Trans Hex with 32 percent ownership.

In 2004, the Luarica mine produced about 95,000 carats (19 kg) of diamond from over 632,000 cubic meters of ore processed. 84,000 carats (16.8 kg) of the production was sold in 2004, at an average price of over $300 USD per carat (1500 $/g), a new high mark for Angolan diamond production.

Probable reserves are 1.3 million cubic meters of ore at an ore grade of 21.6 carats (4.3 g) per 100 cubic meters (43.2 mg/m³). There is a waste rock overburden of about 9.5 million cubic meters.

The mine is currently under care and maintannace.


Major Owners:          Endiama (38%)

                                   Trans Hex (32%)

Production:   95,000 carats in 2003

Management:            Rosalino Caetano - Country Manager: Trans Hex Angola



1. Endiama (Empresa de Diamantes de Angola)

Endiama is the national diamond company of Angola and it is the exclusive concessionary of mining rights in the domain of diamonds.


Endiama's mining operations

*Each of which is a company in its own right:

1. Associacao Chitotolo (35% ownership) located in N'Zagi - Lunda Norte

2. Sociedade de Desenvolvimento Mineiro (SDM) in Cuango, 50% ownership in association with Odebrecht in Brasil.

3. Sociedade Mineira de Catoca- 32.8%, in association with Almazzi Rossi and Alrosa in Russia, Daumonty Financing Company in Israel and Odebrecht Mining Services in Brasil.

Sociedade Mineira do Angola, Lda (20%)

4. Projecto Fucaúma/Fucauma diamond mine, 40% owned in association with Trans Hex and others;

5. Projecto Luarica/Luarica diamond mine, 38% owned in association with Transhex, Micol and others

6. Sociedade Mineira do Lucapa/SML, 51% owned by Endiama, 49% owned by Sociedade Portuguesa de Empreendimentos/SPE; operations are located in the Chicapa River and Luachimo River basins.

7. Sociedade Mineira do Camatchia-Camagico/LUÓ, a joint venture formed in 2003 with Hipergesta, Angodiam and ESCOM-Alrosa/Espírito Santo and Alrosa.

8. Chimbongo

9. Alfa 5 diamond production

10. Projecto Yetwene, 50% owned, in association with Mining BV/Grupo Lev Leviev; located in the Camissombo exploration area in the province of Lunda Norte.


Endiama’s Alluvial Diamond projects that require investment


Arnaldo de Sousa Calado- President

Eng António Carlos Sumbula-Chief Executive

Telefone: (+ 244) 222 333018 /337276/332718

Fax: (+ 244) 337216/332718

E-Mail: contactos@endiama.co.ao




2). Trans Hex

Trans Hex completed in July 2008 an extensive programme of drilling and bulk sampling to assess the potential of the west bank of the Luana River on the Luana Concession. The results from this programme allowed the delineation of 3 million carats in Indicated resource and over 10 million carats in Inferred resource.

Venmyn Rand was commissioned to carry out an independent Competent Person’s Report (CPR) on the resources and reserves of the Luana concession. The CPR was completed in November 2008 and validated the work and resource reserve reporting done to date.


A pre-feasibility study on the Luana project was undertaken by independent contractors PPM/Metcon from Johannesburg during the second half of 2008. The study found that it was technically feasible and economically viable to open a new mine at Luana. The findings of the study were presented to Endiama in November 2008 and duly approved.

After minor changes to some aspects of the study, the Minister of Geology and Mines approved the study in June 2009. Negotiations for the conversion of the prospecting contract to a mining contract commenced in earnest in December 2009 with the appointment of the new Endiama board of directors. The mining contract negotiations were concluded in May 2010 and the contract was signed on 12 May 2010.

Reverse circulation drilling is set to commence on the east bank of the Luana River with the objective of further delineating the Calonda deposits in this area.



Llewellyn Delport - Chief Executive Officer

Rosalino Caetano - Country Manager: Trans Hex Angola

Bernard Van Rooyen- Non-Executive Chairman

405 Voortrekker Road



Cape Town

Switchboard +27 21 937 2000

Fax +27 21 937 2100




3). IGE Resources AB

IGE Resources AB (formerly International Gold Exploration) is a Scandinavian company mainly focusing on diamonds exploration and production in Southern Africa. The company partly owns the Luxinge mine and it is currently evaluating the future of this mine, where project economics have proven less attractive than previously anticipated.

IGE is also focusing its diamond mining investments on the Cassanguidi mine, where production is expected to reach 9,000 carats per month in second half of 2011.


Cassanguidi mine, Angola

July and August 2011 were record breaking months for Cassanguidi in terms of carats recovered. During the month of July an average of 98.7 Carats per day were recovered, in August this improved to 115 Carats per day.

Monthly production ended at 3,081 Carats in July and 3,576 Carats recovered in August.

September performance was hit by technical problems, in addition to reduced output resulting from the reconfiguring of the plant and installation of new equipment as part of the preparations for increased production at the mine. September production ended at 2,489 Carats.

New equipment was brought into the mine, in addition to a shipment of critical spares for the processing plant and earthmoving machinery.

The reconfiguration of the Cassanguidi mine includes consolidating the original plant located close to the Cassanguidi River, and mine infrastructure and the newer plant located approximately 5 km to the north. The rationale for this is to optimise the management required to operate the two plants and increase general redundancy of the operation.

The Cassanguidi investment budget has been significantly increased in order to secure the necessary equipment and spare parts, enabling the mine to pursue a production programme targeting 9,000 Carats per month in the second half of 2011.


Luxinge mine, Angola

The mine was officially inaugurated at the end of July and the new company owning and operating the mine established. IGE holds a 31% interest and management control in this company but is entitled to 100% of the cash flow from the project until IGE’s total investment in the project is repaid. The first parcel of sample diamonds was sold in August 2010.

Trial mining operations were carried out in the third quarter in search of higher grade areas, with the current grade being disappointingly low. These efforts have so far proven unsuccessful, further questioning the project economics of the Luxinge operation. Trial mining has also demonstrated the logistical and operational inefficiencies of the Luxinge project, furthermore the company structure is suboptimal.

IGE is therefore considering closing down the Luxinge operation and has initiated discussion with its partners to this end.



Tomas Fellbom, chief executive officer

John Afseth, Chairman

IGE Angola

Rua Joao De Barros no 32. 1st fl

Luanda. Angola

Office Tel: +244 921 899 331

E-mail: info@ige.se, http://www.ige.se



Exploration activities in Angola are focused on two concessions of 3,000km2 each: the Lunda NE concession, located in the Lunda North province, near the town of Lucapa, and the Dando Kwanza concession in the province of Bié in the highlands of Central Angola, east of the town of Andulo.

In the Lunda NE concession De Beers has discovered 108 kimberlites. The economic assessment of these discoveries has rapidly progressed with 60 sampled for microdiamonds and 33 bulk-sampled at depth through large-diameter drilling.

Results from the Lunda NE project are steadily being integrated with geological models and revenue information with a view to selecting priority pipes and clusters for more detailed drill bulk sampling.

Three immediately adjacent pipes have been selected for priority work in an area where the average overburden is less than 40 metres. It is expected that additional pipes will be added to the evaluation portfolio as further results become available.

Whilst at an early development stage, the programme at Dando Kwanza has advanced rapidly. Exploration activities are now focused on an isolated cluster of some 42 kimberlites in the catchment area of the diamond-bearing Lubia River. In 2009, an on-site diamond recovery plant was commissioned and one kimberlite was bulk-sampled.

Management: Charles Skinner, De Beers Group Head of Exploration

De Beers Angola Holdings

Caixa Postal n° 4031


Tel: +244 (0) 222 63 8800

Fax: +244 (0) 222 63 8801



Gem Diamonds is a diamond producer with diamond mining operations throughout the world and headquartered in London.


Chiri is a known diamondiferous kimberlite located in the Lunda Sul province of Angola approximately 12km from Catoca, one of the world’s largest diamond mines, and amongst a cluster of other known kimberlites. Mined illegally during the civil war, Chiri’s diamonds have been assessed and were valued in July 2008 at approximately $150 – 200 per carat.

In January 2007 a cooperation agreement for the evaluation of the Chiri kimberlites was signed with Avantis Angola Limited. An option agreement whereby Gem Diamonds can acquire an effective 11.25% interest in Chiri from Avantis Angola was signed at the same time.

Gem Diamonds embarked upon a preliminary evaluation study in January 2008 comprising ground geophysics, diamond drilling, large diameter drilling, bulk sampling and analysis of mantle geochemistry.


Gem Diamonds Technical Services

Illovo Corner

24 Fricker Rd

Illovo Boulevard

Johannesburg 2024

South Africa

Tel: +27 11 560 9600

Fax: +27 11 560 9601




Country Output

Angola’s state-owned diamond mining company, Endiama, had set a target of 10-million carats for 2008 up from 9, 7-million carats realised in 2007. The country, however, reduced its production to 8.67 million carats in 2008 due to the global economic downturn, before it picked up to 9.8 million carats.



Botswana is located in southern Africa bordering Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia and South Africa.

After geologists discovered diamonds in Botswana in 1967, the De Beers Botswana Mining Company was launched in 1969. The Orapa Mine and the Jwaneng pipe, the richest diamond mine in the world, followed. The Government of Botswana increased its shares in the company to 50 percent by the time the Letlhakane Mine opened in 1975. The De Beers Botswana Mining Company was rebranded to Debswana Diamond Company.

Debswana has three operational mines, Lethlhakane, Orapa and Jwaneng. The Letlhakane mine near Orapa was founded in 1973, as was the much larger Jwaneng mine in the south of the country but, while Letlhakane came into production by 1977, Jwaneng did not start mining operations until 1982. Jwaneng is by far the richest and the largest of the three mines and one of the largest diamond mines in the world.



Minister of Mines, Energy & Water Affairs, Ponatshego Kedikilwe

Permanent Secretary Boikobo Bashi Paya.

Website: http://www.mines.gov.bw


Ministry Departments


Department of Mines

The overall objectives of the Department of Mines are to establish and maintain an effective organization to administer mineral exploitation legislation, and to enhance socio-economic, financial and other benefits to Botswana arising from the exploitation of mineral resources.

Tel+267 3657000     

Fax: +267 3952141


Mineral Affairs Division

The Mineral Affairs Division has the primary responsibility of advising the Ministry on all matters concerning Minerals Policy:

- Minerals prospecting (performance of policy against expectation and developments in the environment)

- Mining (fiscal treatment of mineral activities, level of government investment mineral projects)

- Mineral processing and beneficiation (value addition)

- Trade in mineral products (analysis of & prevailing environment and forecasting)

- Fiscal treatment of mineral activities

 - All financial, commercial and administrative issues arising in those mineral sector companies in which government is a shareholder

- Cerfitication of Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS)

- Mineral Investment Promotion activities.


Private Bag 0018


Telephone: +267 3656600

Fax: +267 3972738


Department of Geological Survey

The Department's mandate is to collect, assess, archive, advise on and disseminate all geo-scientific data related to the rocks, minerals and water resources of Botswana.


The Director

Private Bag 0014


Telephone: +267 5330327

Fax: +267 5332013

Website: http://www.geoscience.gov.bw/geos/


Diamond Hub

Private Bag 0018


Telephone: +267 3915232




Debswana Diamond Company is jointly owned by De Beers and the Government of Botswana. It is the world's largest diamond producer by value and has four diamond mining operations situated at Jwaneng, Orapa, Letlhakane and Damtshaa.


a). Jwaneng Mine

Jwaneng lies in south-central Botswana on the fringes of the Kgalagadi desert, 160 km south west of Gaborone and 80 km west of the traditional capital of the Bangwaketse district, Kanye village.

The Jwaneng pipe was discovered in 1972 by De Beers prospectors. In 1978 an agreement was signed between the Government of Botswana and De Beers to establish the mine, which was officially opened on 14 August 1982.

The richest diamond mine in the world, in 2009 Jwaneng produced 9.04 million carats from 6.06 million tonnes treated (2008: 13.674 million carats from 15.766 tonnes treated). Production normally varies according to the mining plans of between approximately 12.5 to 15 million carats per year. With the global economic recession, 2009 was an exceptional year in that production was reduced in line with demand for diamonds from the DTC Sightholders. 

In November 2009 the shareholders of Debswana (the Government of the Republic of Botswana and De Beers), gave the green light to proceed with a major extension project at Jwaneng. The project, also known as Cut 8 will secure approximately 95 million more carats and extend the life of the mine out to 2025. This investment ensures continuity of supply from the world’s richest diamond mine, and could be worth in excess of $15 billion over the life of the mine.


b). Orapa Mine

The Orapa pipe is the world's second largest diamond-producing kimberlite pipe. Following detailed exploration by De Beers, diamonds were discovered at Orapa in 1967. The mine began production in July 1971, and a nation awoke to the stunning reality of great wealth and a place on the global map.

Orapa produced 7.575 million carats of diamonds from 8.817 million tonnes treated in 2009 (2008: 16.869 million carats from 18.569 tonnes treated). 

An initial closure plan has been developed. This covers the scope of work that will be required to effect the physical closure of the mine infrastructure. Financial provision is being made to fund the closure work. 


c). Letlhakane Mine

The resource was first discovered during the sampling and evaluation process at Orapa, and became Debswana's second mine when it opened in 1975.

In 2009, 1.066 million carats were recovered from 3.8 million tonnes of ore (2008: 1.2 million carats from 3.794 million tonnes treated).


d). Damtshaa Mine

Commissioned in 2002, the mine recorded its first head-feed load on 28 October of that year. Full production was reached in March 2003. 

As it is a small operation, Damtshaa is managed from the Orapa mine.

Damtshaa has been forecast to yield approximately 5 million carats of diamonds over its projected 31-year life, at a rate of up to 0.161Mcts per annum. 

In 2009, 54 000 carats were recovered from 60 000 tonnes treated. (2008: 533 000 carats recovered from 2.883 million tonnes treated).


e). Botswana Diamond Valuing Company (BDVC)

BDVC is the second largest rough diamond sorting and valuing operation in the world. It was established in 1972 as a joint venture between De Beers and Botswana Development Corporation to carry out the preliminary sorting of diamonds from Orapa Mine, which was the only operational Mine at the time. In 1977, BDVC became a wholly owned subsidiary of Debswana. Botswana Diamond Valuing Company (BDVC) sorts and values Debswana's entire production of diamonds from the Jwaneng, Orapa, Letlhakane and Damtshaa mines, and associated diamond deposits.

Contact: Blackie Marole, CEO (to be replaced in 2011, he retired).




A 50/50 partnership agreement between De Beers and the Botswana government resulted in the Diamond Trading Company Botswana being established in 2008. In addition to sorting and valuing Debswana’s production, the purpose of DTC Botswana is to make aggregated diamonds available for sale in Botswana for local manufacturing.

It is envisaged that DTC Botswana will be the primary vehicle for creating a sustainable and profitable downstream industry in Botswana. 


The following are DTCB sightholders:


Dalumi Botswana 

Dalumi offers a comprehensive line of diamond and jewelry products, services and brands. Their diamond polishing and jewellery manufacturing facilities in Israel, Botswana and China utilises the latest technology to create “high” quality products.

Key Contact:

Addy Chan

Dalumi Hong Kong Ltd.

Central, Hong Kong

Tel: +852 2522 9050

Fax: +852 2522 3450

Email: addy@dalumi.com


Dia Holdings

Star Diamond Group, founded in 1948, offers services covering every facet of the diamond jewellery business. They provide clients with value-added services from rough distribution to forward planning, polished/jewellery distribution, design and marketing solutions and co-operative branding.

Key Contact:

Marc Roth

Star Diamond Group NV

Antwerp, Belgium

Tel: +32 3 213 9696

Fax: +32 3 234 0284

Email: marc.roth@stardiamond.org


Eurostar Botswana

Eurostar Botswana is part of Eurostar Diamonds International, a global diamond conglomerate employing 10,000 specialists worldwide and annual sales of over $1 billion. Renowned for its precision, Eurostar has garnered the trust of prestigious watch and jewellery brands globally. Eurostar employs 25% of the diamond polishing workforce in Botswana.

Key Contact:

Kunal K. Mehta

Eurostar Diamonds International SA

Antwerp, Belgium

Tel: +32 3 213 7777

Fax: +32 3 213 7799

Email: kunal.mehta@eurostardiamond.com


H & A Cutting Works Botswana 

H & A Cutting Works Botswana, part of Exelco, is a consumer-facing diamond company, retailing and branding diamond collections and concepts globally. Activities include the largest chain of bridal diamond stores in Japan, and global branded activity under the Tolkowsky brand, and a strategy and branding division.

Key Contact:

Lior Kunstler

Exelco NV

Antwerp, Belgium

Tel: +32 3 233 2452

Fax: +32 3 233 8841

Email: lior.kunstler@exelco.be


Laurelton Diamonds Botswana

Laurelton Diamonds Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Tiffany & Co, is a manufacturing and rough diamond trading company with operations across the globe including U.S.A., Belgium, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Vietnam, Mauritius and China. The Company procures rough diamonds and manages the worldwide supply chain that cuts, polishes and supplies finished polished diamonds to Tiffany & Co.

Head office:     

Plot 1135-1138

Bedia Shell, Private Bag 34

Nko Ya Phiri, Mogoditshane





Lazare Kaplan Botswana 

Founded in 1903, LKI has been a leader in industry innovation: as pioneers of Ideal cut diamonds, first to laser-inscribe diamonds, and first to offer uniquely brilliant diamonds as a brand with complete marketing support. LKI also cuts and polishes commercial diamonds.

Key Contact:

Charles Rosario

Lazare Kaplan International Inc.

New York, USA

Tel: +1 212 857 7618

Fax: +1 212 857 7683

Email: crosario@idealcut.com



Leo Schachter Botswana

Leo Schachter Diamonds is one of the world’s leading manufacturers of polished diamonds. Founded in New York in 1952, the company now has factories and offices in 11 countries around the world. The company’s world-wide headquarters is located in Tel Aviv, Israel, which also serves as its international distribution hub.

General enquiries:

Dov Tannenbaum

Tel: +972 3 576 6222

Fax: +972 3 575 3569

Email: dov.tannenbaum@lsdco.com



Motiganz Botswana

MOTIGANZ Botswana is the manufacturing center for the MOTIGANZ Diamond Group. It specialises in Cubes, Botswana’s unique gem product.

General enquiries:

Moti Dayan

Tel: +267 316-2463

Fax: +267 316-2464

Email: Botswana@motiganz.com



Pluczenik Botswana

Sightholder for nearly 60 years, the company offers the spectrum of diamond sizes, shapes and qualities, rare stones and unique jewellery and are trendsetters with brands such as Escada, Chaumet and Fred.

Key Contact:

Tsvi Pluczenik

ITC Diamond Ltd.

Ramat Gan, Israel

Tel: +972 3 575 0865

Fax: +972 3 575 0531

Email: telaviv@pluczenik.com


Safdico Botswana

Safdico specialises in high-end blue-white gems, fancy colours and large sized diamonds.

Key Contact:

Brian Gutkin

Safdico RSA (Pty.) Ltd.

Johannesburg, South Africa

Tel: +27 11 334 8203

Fax: +27 11 334 5887

Email: brian.gutkin@safdico.com


Shrenuj Botswana

Founded in 1906, Shrenuj Group employs technology-intensive manufacturing to produce “high” quality diamonds as well as medium and fine jewellery. With its global reach, Shrenuj caters to regional customer requirements with a wide range of diamonds and jewellery.

General enquiries:

Shreyas K. Doshi

Tel: +91 22 6637 3500

Fax: +91 22 2369 2525

Email: info@shrenuj.com



Steinmetz Diamonds Botswana

The Steinmetz Diamond Group is a multinational company with interests ranging from manufacturing to retail. Specialising in large, fancy coloured and rare stones, the Group supports a full spectrum of products and has a focus on long term relations with its clients.

Key Contact:

Dudi Shiama

Penford (Israel) Ltd

Tel Aviv, Israel

Tel: +9723 575 0174

Fax: +9723 575 2956

Email: info@steinmetz-group.com


Suashish Diamonds Botswana

Vertically integrated, financially “strong”, technologically advanced and customer oriented Suashish supplies loose polished and finished jewellery globally.

Key Contact:

Gopal Laddha

Suashish Diamonds Ltd.

Mumbai, India

Tel: +91 22 4040 1111

Fax: +91 22 2363 0683

Email: gopal.laddha@suashish.com


Teemane Manufacturing

Teemane Manufacturing Co is part of the international Diarough group. It provide a comprehensive range of polished.

Key Contact:

Ashit Parikh

Emby International Inc.

New York, USA

Tel: +1 212 207 3801

Fax: +1 212 207 3807

Email: ashit@embyintl.com


Yerushalmi Bros Botswana

Yerushalmi Bros Botswana is a key manufacturing arm of the Yerushalmi group which supports the full range of the company’s global programmes.

General enquiries:

Lucas Van den Broesk.

Tel: +122- 67-71550524

Email: vdblucas@gmail.com


Zebra Diamonds

For a century, IGC Group has been delivering Belgian excellence to high end jewellery manufacturers, retailers and wholesalers worldwide. From carefully chosen rough to perfectly shaped Rounds, Single cuts and Fancy shapes, the company said it meets the strictest standards required by the luxury industry.

Key Contact:

Luc Claes

IGC Group

Antwerp, Belgium

Tel: +32 3 203 45 67

Fax: +32 3 231 16 34

Email: luc.claes@igcgroup.com


James Finn - Finance Director

Andre Fourie, Technical Director

Email: andre@botswanadiamondsplc.com




Lucara Diamond is an African focused diamond exploration and development company. The Company is building a portfolio of advanced staged diamond assets with a view to become a leading mid-tier African producer. Lucara is a member of the Lundin Group of Companies and is listed on the TSX Venture Exchange under the symbol "LUC". Lucara continues to evaluate projects throughout Africa for possible earn-in or acquisition.


Botswana - Boteti Diamond Project (AK6)

Boteti’s current ownership: African Diamonds 40%, Lucara 60%.

However, Lucara will acquire all of the issued and outstanding shares of AFD on the basis of 0.80 of a common share of Lucara for each AFD common share by way of an English court-approved Scheme of Arrangement.

Upon closing of the Acquisition, Lucara will hold a 100% interest in the AK6 project, an advanced, high-value diamond development project located in the Orapa/Letlhakane kimberlite district of Botswana.

In connection with acquisition, all of AFD's assets other than its interest in the AK6 project, will be transferred into a newly formed company (Botswana Diamonds), which will be owned by the former AFD shareholders.


Lukas Lundin, Chairman and Director

William Lamb, President, CEO and Director

Susan Neale, Chief Financial Officer

Suite 2101

885 West Georgia Street

Vancouver, BC V6C 3E8

T: 604 689 7842

F: 604 689 4250

E: sophias@namdo.com





Firestone is a diamond mining and development company with assets located in Botswana and Lesotho. Firestone commenced production at the BK11 Mine in Botswana in July 2010 and plans to recommence production at the Liqhobong Mine in Lesotho 2011. Firestone also controls a substantial portfolio of diamond exploration and development projects in the Orapa, Jwaneng and Tsabong regions of Botswana.


BK11 Kimberlite (90% interest)

The BK11 kimberlite mine is located in the Orapa kimberlite field in northern Botswana.

BK11 is located approximately 7 kilometres north-west and 20 kilometres south-east of De Beers' Letlhakane and Orapa mines, respectively, and is within 5 kilometres of the proposed new mine at AK6. The surface area of BK11 is estimated to be 8 hectares, and overburden is shallow at less than 20 metres.

Firestone was granted a prospecting licence in 2007 and in less than three years the Company has explored and developed the project into the production stages including successfully constructing the project in less than nine months after the decision to proceed with the mine development.

Phase 1 of the BK11 production plant, which has a capacity of approximately 650,000 tonnes per annum, commenced in August 2010. Shipments of diamond concentrates have commenced from BK11 to the Company's diamond sorting facility in Gaborone. Initial diamond recoveries have been very encouraging, including a high quality 13.74 carat diamond, the largest recovered to date from BK11.

Work on Phase 2 of the production plant, which will increase production capacity to 1,500,000 tonnes per annum, is on target for completion in Q4 2010. Under the BK11 mine plan approximately 11.1 Mt of kimberlite is expected to be mined at an average grade of 8.5 cpht, giving total production of approximately 1 million carats over a 10 year mine life at an average value of $155/carat (March 2010 valuation).


BK16 Kimberlite

 In June 2008 the company entered into an agreement with SouthernEra under which it can acquire an 87.5% interest in the BK16 kimberlite in return for carrying all costs to completion of bankable feasibility.

It is situated approximately 22 kilometres north east of BK11 and 12 kilometres north of the Letlhakane Mine. It was discovered by De Beers in the 1970's and a grade of 15 cpht was reported from bulk sampling.

Limited work has been carried out on BK16 since then, until SouthernEra acquired control of the project in 2007.

SouthernEra has carried out high resolution ground geophysical surveys and drilled 19 core and percussion holes totalling approximately 2,300 metres.

Based on this work, BK16 is estimated to be a minimum of 3.5 hectares in size and to contain approximately 17 million tonnes of kimberlite to a depth of 200 metres. Diamonds recovered by the limited sampling carried out by SouthernEra and others has recovered predominantly high quality, white gemstones, with few industrial diamonds. This indicates that diamonds from BK16 are likely to have a high average value, possibly similar to BK11.



 The Tsabong kimberlite field is located in south western Botswana, approximately 280 kilometres south west of the Jwaneng Mine, which is the world's most profitable diamond mine, producing over $2 billion revenue and over $1.8 billion operating profit per annum.

The Tsabong project extends over an area of approximately 7,400 square kilometres, and covers the entire Tsabong kimberlite field.

Tsabong is one of the largest diamondiferous kimberlite fields in the world, containing 85 known kimberlites, of which 18 have been proven to be diamondiferous.

It is noted for the exceptionally large size of many of its kimberlites, in particular the 180 hectare MK1 kimberlite, which is one of the largest known diamondiferous kimberlites.

The Tsabong field also contains five kimberlites larger than 50 hectares and 32 kimberlites between 20 and 50 hectares in size. Work at Tsabong has been primarily focused on 14 high interest kimberlites that were selected on the basis of diamond content, kimberlite indicator mineral (KIM) chemistry and size.

 A programme of 17,000 metres of core and percussion drilling has been undertaken on these kimberlites to obtain material for detailed microdiamond, KIM chemistry and petrographic analyses.


Exploration Activities

Orapa Exploration

Firestone controls prospecting licences over an area of approximately 10,000 square kilometres in the Orapa region. These licences contain eight known kimberlites, of which four have been proven to be diamondiferous. Firestone owns a 100% interest in these prospecting licences.



Firestone holds prospecting licences over a total of approximately 6,000 square kilometres in the Jwaneng area. The Jwaneng Mine is the world's biggest diamond mine, producing over $2 billion revenue and over $1.8 billion operating profit per annum. The area covered by the Jwaneng prospecting licences has recently been surveyed for the first time using modern high resolution airborne and ground geophysical exploration techniques and is considered prospective for the discovery of new diamondiferous kimberlites. Firestone owns a 100% interest in these prospecting licences.


James F Kenny, Chairman

Phillip Kenny, Chief Executive

Tim Wilkes, Chief Operating Officer

Metropolitan Centre

7 Coen Steytler Avenue

Cape Town 8000

South Africa

Tel: +27 21 44 66 040

Fax: +27 21 44 66 050




DiamonEx is a diamond explorer and producer operating in Botswana, and the States of Colorado, Wyoming and Montana in America. It is incorporated in Australia, listed on the Australia Stock Exchange, the London Alternative Investment Market, and the Botswana Stock Exchange.


Lerala Diamond Mine

A 330,000 carat per year mine, fully commissioned by the end of June 2008, comprises of five kimberlite pipes totalling around six hectares.

 Pipes exposed at the surface, very simple open cut mining operation, excellent surrounding infrastructure and stable political environment

 Fully funded project of $24 million, sales and marketing contracted to London agent WWW International Diamond Consultants who act for the major diamond producing companies and many governments for independent valuation on royalty payments

 100% owned.


Targeting and Exploration


Tuli, Martins Drift & Jwaneng, Botswana

Exploration licences covering more than 15 square kilometres

In a general area that represents 30% of the world’s diamond production by value, in an area where the strike rate of diamondiferous kimberlitic pipes is very high.

 Currently undertaking reconnaissance and follow up sampling of anomalies

100% owned.



Gregory M King (Executive Chairman)

Dennis C O'Neill (Managing Director)

1/349 Coronation Drive

Milton Qld 4064


Telephone: +61 (0) 7 3720 8944

Facsimile: +61 (0) 7 3720 8988

Email: diamonex@diamonex.com.au



Private Bag RB 351#128


Gaborone Botswana

Website: www.diamonex.com.au


Country Output

Botswana saw its 2009 diamond production collapse to 17,7-million carats from 32,6-million carats in 2008.



Diamonds were discovered in the early 1900’s and production did increase to a maximum total of about 600 000ct per year. It has subsequently dropped due to lack of control of the diamond industry. The CAR produces an estimated 620 000 ct each year. Some commercial mining and exploration of alluvial deposits has begun, albeit with difficulties. No primary sources for the diamonds have been located, suggesting that there is either great potential for kimberlite discovery, or that the diamonds have been introduced from diamond rich DRC to the south. Most alluvial diamond deposits are situated along north flowing drainage’s, sourced from the DRC to the south. However, this does not decrease the possibility of kimberlite discovery proximal to these drainages.

Officially, diamonds have contribute 60% to the nations export earnings. The CAR is one of Africa’s major diamond producers, although production is almost entirely produced by artisinal methods. The CAR is well known for its good quality diamonds, ranked 5th in the world in terms of quality.



Minister for Mines lieutenant colonel Sylvain Ndoutingai

Contact: Tel +236 21 61 29 44, +236 21 61 39 44, +236 21 61 22 48     




Gem Diamonds is a leading global diamond producer with diamond mining operations throughout the world and headquartered in London.


Gem Diamonds holds a 75% interest in Gem Diamonds Centrafrique SA, in partnership with the Government of the CAR, which holds the remaining 25%. Gem Diamonds Centrafrique holds exclusive exploration and mining rights to the 855km² Mambéré Concession.

In the target area on the Mambéré River, a sampling campaign was carried out across terrace and modern gravels in 2007. The diamond grade from these older terraces was found to be sub-economic and the exploration team started work in the modern day river in early 2008.

Results from sampling in the Mambéré River during 2008 were far more promising, with high grades achieved in the low level gravels.

However, an economic technique for extracting these diamonds remains to be determined and the operation was put into care and maintenance in November 2008.

CAR Offices: Quartier Sissongo

Rue Résidence Congo


Republique Centrafricaine

Tel: +236 21 61 85 13

Fax: +236 21 61 46 39



Management: Clifford Elphick, Chief Executive Officer

                        Alan Ashworth, Chief Operating Officer

                        Kevin Burford, Chief Financial Officer

Gem Diamonds Limited

2 Eaton Gate

London SW1 W9BJ

United Kingdom

Tel: +44 203 043 0280

Fax: +44 203 043 0281



The country produced 311,779.42 carats in 2009 according to the Kimberley Process Statistics.



The first significant diamond find in the Democratic Republic of Congo was in 1912 in the Tshikapa region. The Belgian Société Minière du Beceka, later known as Sibecka, started to mine these deposits in 1919. Following independence, President Joseph Mobutu began to acquire mining right shares for the state until they became fully government owned in 1973.

Artisanal mining (small-scale digging by individuals, families and communities using basic equipment, such as sieves and pans) has prevailed in the DRC, encouraged by new laws in 1981 that forced the Société Minière du Bakwanga (MIBA) to open up the majority of its yields to artisanal diggers. Companies mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo include SouthernEra Diamonds and BHP Billiton.



Mines Minister Martin Kabwelulu

Deputy Minister, Victor Kasongo Shomary;

Contact: Tel +243 81 88 88 827 or 81 51 39 514 (Minister)

        +243 99 99 71 061 (Deputy Minister)

7e Niveau Immeuble GECAMINES,

 Boulevard du 30 Juin, Kinshasa





BRC DiamondCore is an African-focused diamond explorer with projects in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Company works in a systematic and responsible manner to discover, assess and develop diamond resources.



Through option agreements with Candore, ACACIA and Kwango Mining SPRL, BRC DiamondCore holds PRs in Kasai-Occidental province, within the highly prospective "Kimberlite Emplacement Corridor" which extends northeastward from the rich Kimberlite fields of the Lunda Norte Province in Angola.

The Company believes that the Tshikapa area holds the greatest promise for finding economic diamond-bearing kimberlites in the DRC.

The area has produced well over 100 million carats of diamonds and the results from the stream samples taken in the area indicate that abundant kimberlitic indicators are present. It has further been established that these are not abraded and hence are not far removed from their primary source(s).

In addition, the chemistry of these minerals suggests that they have been derived from mineralized kimberlites.

The Company has covered almost 9,000 km² in this highly prospective area around Tshikapa with detailed stream sampling and airborne geophysics. It has retained 2,400 km² of the most prospective ground with very encouraging geophysical and sampling targets. The Company has applied its aggressive approach to turn over ground and only retain those areas that are likely to host kimberlites.


Northern DRC (Rio Tinto Joint-Venture)

Northern DRC (Equateur and Oriental Provinces) and the Central African Republic (the "CAR") are known for their high quality alluvial diamonds. Geological studies suggest that the diamonds in the CAR have been derived from the northern DRC and since there are no known kimberlites in the northern DRC, it makes this area one of the last highly prospective regions in the world for diamond exploration.

 The company took out an area of almost 28,000 km² either through its own applications or through option contracts with several partners.

This land package forms part of a joint venture with Rio Tinto which is funding the exploration program in order to earn into any discoveries both for diamonds over all the licences and for iron ore over selected licences.

Since this part of the Congo Basin is covered by tropical forests, the region has never been subjected to modern exploration. Hence the strategy of turning ground over fast and retaining the best pieces applies. Work in the form of regional stream sampling for heavy minerals started in November 2007 and to date some 15,000 km² have been covered.

The first results, all from the Equateur Province, have identified several diffused diamond/chromite anomalies that have been earmarked for further work. 


Exploration Programme

Wamba and Candore East Projects

The Company has initiated two additional exploration projects near Tshikapa.

Several licences were taken out in the Wamba drainage basin, located between the Kwango River and Tshikapa, where diamonds and kimberlitic minerals have been reported. Stream sampling has confirmed confined kimberlite targets and once all the microprobe results have been received a programme of airborne geophysics over selected areas will be initiated.



Dr Michiel (Mike) de Wit, President & CEO

Martin D. Jones, Vice President, Corporate Development

(416) 366-2221 or 1-800-714-7938

1 First Canadian Place

100 King St. West Suite 7070, P.O. Box 419

Toronto, ON

Canada M5X 1E3

In Johannesburg: Brian P. Scallan, Vice President, Finance, +27 11 9582885

Fabrice Matheys, Geology, kimberlite




Namakwa Diamonds is an integrated diamond resource group with:

•a flagship kimberlite mining project in Lesotho, aluvial and kimberlitic operations in South Africa and the Democratic Republic of Congo and marine concessions in Namibia, which together provide an independently verified resource base of more than 25 million carats; and

•Diamond trading and manufacturing division with operations in South Africa, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Israel.


Tshikapa Triangle (alluvials and kimberlites)

Recent acquisitions of alluvial and kimberlitic concessions in the DRC have increased Namakwa Diamonds’ licence area in the DRC to approximately 5,000km2.

The company will consolidate the recently acquired and existing mining assets and increase production by exploiting the rivers and their adjacent flats. Extensive dredge sampling indicates that grades recovered from these rivers are substantially higher than the associated terrace deposits currently being exploited.

A limited early-stage kimberlite exploration campaign is being run concurrently with this revised alluvial development and production programme.

With the appointment of an experienced technical mining team, familiar with working in the DRC, the Company is poised to expand operations rapidly and to increase output through a phased approach.

The DRC resource base of approximately 6.1 million carats of Indicated and Inferred Resources represents 24% of the Group’s resources in carat terms (Venmyn, 28 February 2010).


Mine Profile

•Short term alluvial production and kimberlite opportunities in a project area of 5,000km2 primed for consolidation

•Focus on river diversions in the Tshikapa Triangle

•Extensive dredge sampling (>30,000cts) and trail mining results (>44,000cts) show an increasing grade in the rivers.


Contact:   Chief Executive Officer - Nico Kruger

                Executive Director and Chief Financial Officer - Jacques Conradie

                 Independent Non-Executive Chairman - Hans Smith

    Chief Geologist: Southern Africa - Lourens Myburgh

209 SA Diamond Centre

225 Main Street


PO Box 260898 / Excom 2023

Tel: +27 11 334 8886

Email: IR@namakwadiamonds.co.za



3. IGE

IGE’s primary focus is diamond exploration and production. IGE’s resource base consists of some 8.4 million carats independently verified and an additional estimated resource base of 5.2 million carats based on IGE estimates. Its diamond concessions cover more than 10,000 square kilometres in Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo and South Africa.


Tshikapa Diamond Field

The Tshikapa Diamond Field is situated within the West Kasai Region of the DRC in the Kasai-Occidental Province, within the Congo-Angola diamond province. The Tshikapa Diamond Field lies directly downstream of the alluvial diamond fields of the Lucapa Graben in northeastern Angola.

 IGE has two exploitation PEPM permits and two exploration-PR permits in the Tshikapa Diamond Field which are also currently being converted to exploitation permits.


Longatshimo River

The Longatshimo Project is situated within the Tshikapa Diamond Field of the West Kasai Region of the DRC in the Kasai-Occidental Province, within the Congo-Angola diamond province. The Tshikapa Diamond Field lies directly downstream of the alluvial diamond fields of the Lucapa Graben in northeastern Angola.

IGE has seven exploration and small mine permits in the Tshikapa Diamond Field of the Kasai Occidental Province. The Longatshimo Project comprises three permits of which two are exploitation permits (PEPM) and the third is in the final stage of being converted to an exploitation permit.

Technical approval for this permit transformation has been received and is awaiting signature by the Minister of Mines. All permits straddle the Longatshimo River.



IGE Resources

Kungsgatan 44, 7th fl

SE-111 35 Stockholm


Office tel: +46 8 402 28 00

Fax: +46 8 402 28 01

E-mail: info@ige.se


4. Societé minière de Bakwanga (MIBA)

MIBA is a diamond mining company, and its operations are centered near Mbuji Mayi, in Kasai-oriental Province in south central DRC.

Approximately 80% of MIBA's stock is owned by the Congolese government, with 20% owned by former Umicore subsidiary Sibeka, which in turn is owned by Mwana Africa plc, which operates the mines.

The majority of the population in Congo believed that the company's money is being embezzled by the head of the Congolese government Joseph Kabila and his collaborators.

Between 2002 and 2006, MIBA produced an average of 6 million carats of diamonds per year. Operational difficulties reduced this production to an annual output of less than 1 million carats over the last two years.

MIBA also had mining and exploration titles covering an area in excess of 45,000 km² and was currently looking for joint ventures with major diamond producers.



DRC produced 21,3 million carats in 2009 down from 33,4 million carats in 2008.



Ghana diamonds are generally small in size with average size of about 10 stones per carat. They are mainly industrial but about 10 – 15% of them are gems cuttable and polishable for use in jewellery production. Gem diamonds of sizes one carat may not be available in commercial quantities. The country is yet to discover a Kimberlite pipe.

Efforts are ongoing to establish a diamond cutting and polishing centre in Ghana to add value to the raw diamonds prior to export. There are deposits of semi-precious stones suitable for various lapidary works manufacture decorations and to provide potential investment opportunities.






GCD is the state owned diamond producer in Ghana. GCD’s large-scale mining production eclipsed artisanal diamond mining in Ghana.

However, the Divestiture Implementation Committee stated that Ghana, which intends to divest the diamond mine, had completed an evaluation of proposals from interested companies. Ten companies were said to be bidding for a stake in the diamond mine.


Contact: Maxwell Mansah Managing Director

NO. 10, 3RD ROMAN CLOSE, Off North Roman Road, Accra

Post Office Box 2978

Telephone +23321664577; +23321664578; +23321664579



PMMC is responsible for the marketing of the rough diamonds produced in Ghana. The marketing system in operation is open to all prospective foreign companies desirous of purchasing Ghana diamonds.


Contract:        Mr. R.D. Damptey, Managing Director

Mr. Bernard Anang, Finance

Mr.Kwabena Kyereh, Chairman



Tel:+233-030-2664931-4 / +233-030-2664579






Ghana produces an average of 500,000 carats of diamonds from alluvial deposits.



Guinea’s diamond resources are related to Cretaceous age kimberlitic sills dykes and pipes which exploited major north trending structures in eastern Guinea. The country produced an estimated 600,000 cts in 2003. It is estimated that at least 800m of erosion has taken place in this area, meaning that most primary kimberlite pipes and dykes have been eroded away. Subsequent alluvials are located in most rivers draining north of this area.



Lounceny Nabe, Minister of Mines & Geology

Immeuble OFAB-CBG, Conakry

Postal Address BP 295

Telephone +224 41 38 33

Fax +224 41 49 13




Stellar Diamonds is a listed diamond production and development company that was formed from the merger of Stellar Diamonds Limited and West African Diamonds.

In Guinea, Stellar is focussing on the two producing projects at Bomboko and Mandala, where mining had been ongoing since mid 2009.

The Company also holds three licences over the high-grade Bouro kimberlites as well as four licences over the high-grade Droujba kimberlite pipe and surrounding area.

 All these projects are located in proximity to one another in the south east of Guinea and therefore operational and production synergies are being harnessed to improve the efficiencies and lower costs.


Mandala Project

The licence is valid until 25 September 2013, but renewable for a further five year period.

Trial mining is currently underway on a 213,000m" at 0.6914ct/m" measured resource of gravel and a 1,419,000m" at 0.373ct/m" indicated resource of gravel, which taken together are estimated to contain 676,600 carats.

A 100tph DMS plant has been installed at Mandala and mining commenced on 20 April 2009. Up to 22th May 2010 some 78,000 carats have been produced at an average grade of 39 carats per hundred tonnes. This grade is almost twice the modelled average resource grade.

A current expansion programme is underway to enhance ore throughout and increase monthly production to a minimum of 10,000 carats per month.



Stellar holds two exploration licences and two semi-industrial diamond mining licences covering some 29.2 km2 in the Soumbaya district along the Bomboko River.

The two semi-industrial mining licences allow Stellar to bulk sample the deposit underlying the licence area. The two exploration licences are valid to October 2011 and grant the right to explore for alluvial diamonds within the boundaries of the licence.

A small inferred resource of 1 million tonnes of gravel at grade of 4.06cpht, which translates to 40,600cts at a bottom cut off of 2.5mm has been established through work conducted to date. However, Elford and Acheson in 2008, suggested that at Bomboko there is an exploration target of some 8 million tonnes at a global grade of between 8.125 and 9.75cpht (650,000 to 780,000cts) at a bottom cut off of 1mm.

Production to date totals over 4,100 carats. Diamond exports and sales have totalled 3,482 carats for $417,000, at an average of $120 carat. The high average diamond value is a result of the average stone size of 0.55ct per stone and a gem:industrial ratio of 53:47.



Stellar holds three kimberlite exploration licences which extend over both the Mandala and Ouria alluvial diamond licences and which cover 207 km2. The three licences are situated in the Macenta and Kérouané Préfectures and are valid until 23 December 2011.

A number of kimberlite dykes are known within the Bouro permits, the most notable of which is the 5km east-west trending Bouro North dyke that is located a few hundred metres to the north of the Mandala permit. This dyke was discovered in the 1960s and has been subjected to artisanal diamond mining at surface.

De Beers, and more recently Stellar, has conducted various phases of exploration drilling and testing of the Bouro North dyke.



Stellar holds four licences that cover the high-grade Droujba kimberlite pipe and surrounding kimberlite and diamondiferous alluvial gravels. These are located some 50km to the south east of the Mandala mine.

The Droujba pipe was discovered in the early 1960s by the Russian Aid Mission who mined the pipe down to approximately 20m. Reported grades range from 0.36ct/m3 to 5.84ct/m3 (roughly 200cpht). Since this time the pipe has remained undeveloped.

More recently, Stellar conducted a geophysical and drilling programme over Droujba which indicates the pipe could be larger than initially thought, with estimations of between 1 and 6 hectares.

 This needs to be confirmed and the Company intends to conduct a core drilling project to depth to define the pipe down to at least 120m below surface.


Karl Smithson, Chief Executive Officer

41 Maiden Lane



T: +44 (0) 20 7257 2930

F: +44 (0) 20 7257 2939

Cell: + 44 (0) 778 370 7971


Angus Ogilvie, Financial Director

Cell: +44 (0) 788 520 1903




According to KP statistics Guinea produced 696,731.70 carats in 2009.





Monyane Moleleki, Position: Minister of Natural Resources [Water, LHWP, and Energy, Mining]

P. O. Box 772

Phone: +266 22323163

Fax: +266 22310527

Bataung Leleka, Principal Secretary: Ministry of Natural Resources

Address: PO Box 772 Maseru 100

Phone: 22322334

Fax: 22313602




It is owned by Gem Diamonds (70%) and the Government of Lesotho (30%). Letseng Diamonds was granted the mining lease in 1999. The mine produces diamonds which sell for the highest per carat price of any kimberlite mine.

Operated by De Beers between 1977 and 1982, Letšeng reopened operations in 2004 and was acquired by Gem Diamonds in late 2006 for $118.5 million. It has a total processing capacity of over 5 million tonnes per year and recovery of approximately 100 000 carats per year, which makes Letseng Mine the seventh largest kimberlite mine in the world.

The Letseng Mine consists of two primary vertical kimberlite pipes, together with deposits of alluvial gravels.


Mazvivamba Manthethe D.T. Maharasoa, Chief Executive Officer

Gerald Boting, Chief Operating Officer

Jon Tully, Financial Manager


Maseru office address

Tel: +266 2231 6612.

Fax: +266 2231 0546.

Physical address: LCCI Business Park, Cnr orpen & Princess Margaret roads, Maseru 100, Lesotho.

Postal address: PO Box 12508, Maseru 100, Lesotho.


Mine address

Tel: +266 2222 1000

Fax: +266 2222 1220

Postal address: PO Box 12508, Maseru 100, Lesotho.



Lucara Diamond Corp. is an African focused diamond exploration and development company. The Company is building a portfolio of advanced staged diamond assets with a view to become a leading mid-tier African producer. Lucara is a member of the Lundin Group of Companies and is listed on the TSX Venture Exchange. Lucara continues to evaluate projects throughout Africa for possible earn-in or acquisition.

 Mothae Diamond Project

 License Details: A mining license has been granted until September 2019 and renewable for a further 10 years. The license covers 20.0 km2.

Ownership: 75%

The Mothae Diamond Project is a 20.0 square kilometre concession located in one of the most prolific diamond producing regions in the world. The project hosts a large diamondiferous kimberlite pipe with an estimated surface extent of 8.8 hectares and is located adjacent to and directly on trend with the world-famous Letseng diamond mine.

Lucara is conducting a trial mining program to mine and process up to 720,000 tonnes of kimberlite from the Mothae pipe to gather further data on diamond grade, size distribution and diamond value information following a previously completed successful 100,000 tonne bulk sample program. The bulk sampling and trial mining programs are in preparation for future commercial diamond production from the Mothae mine.


Lukas Lundin, Chairman and Director

William Lamb, President, CEO and Director

Susan Neale, Chief Financial Officer

Suite 2101

885 West Georgia Street

Vancouver, BC V6C 3E8

T: 604 689 7842

F: 604 689 4250

E: sophias@namdo.com




Firestone is a diamond mining and development company with assets located in Botswana and Lesotho. Firestone plans to recommence production at the Liqhobong Mine in Lesotho 2011.

Liqhobong Mine

It is operated by Liqhobong Mining Development Company, which is 75 per cent. owned by Firestone and 25 per cent owned by the Government of Lesotho. The Letseng Mine, which is operated by Gem Diamonds Limited, and a number of other kimberlites that are currently undergoing evaluation by other companies, including the Kao and Mothae kimberlites, are also located in Lesotho.

The Liqhobong Mine is comprised of the Main Pipe and the Satellite Pipe, which cover areas of 8.5 hectares and 0.8 hectares, respectively. LMDC has been granted a mining lease by GOL covering an area of 390 hectares in respect of both pipes which expires in August 2017, but is then renewable for a further ten years.


9th Floor

Metropolitan Centre

7 Coen Steytler Avenue

Cape Town 8000

South Africa

Tel: +27 21 44 66 040

Fax: +27 21 44 66 050



Namakwa Diamonds has a portfolio of operating mines and exploration projects across four African countries, namely Lesotho, Democratic Republic of Congo, Namibia and South Africa.


Kao Valley (kimberlite)

The Kao Kimberlite pipe is the largest diamond-bearing pipe in Lesotho and the fourth largest in southern Africa at 19.8 hectares.

Kao represents Namakwa Diamonds' first hard-rock, large-scale mining operation.

Development of the mine is planned in two phases in order to mitigate the associated financial risks of an initial large-scale operation.

The development of the “Quarry” (K6) portion of the kimberlite pipe will commence in Phase 1. The “Quarry” (K6) portion has produced the highest revenues per tonne of all the known Lesotho kimberlites. During Phase 1, the Company will also conduct preparatory work for Phase 2.

The Company expects to ramp up production to 7 - 10Mt per annum, with an expected life of mine in excess of 40 years in Phase 2. Planning and a feasibility study for Phase 2, including estimated capital expenditure, is scheduled to take place in 2012-2013.

Subject to diamond prices and the economic climate, the in-built flexibility of the Phase 1 mine plan allows for Phase 2 to be developed at an earlier stage.


Nico Kruger, Chief Executive Officer

Jacques Conradie, Executive Director and Chief Financial Officer

Hans Smith, Independent Non-executive Chairman

209 SA Diamond Centre

225 Main Street

Corner Main and Philip Streets

Johannesburg, 2001

PO Box 260898

Excom, 2023


Tel: +27 11 334 8886

Fax: +27 11 334 8885




Lesotho produced 91,815.91 carats in 2009



Diamonds were discovered in the Namib Desert in April 1908 near Lüderitz, when Zacharias Lewala, a former worker from the Kimberley diamond fields, found a diamond by the railway.

Diamond Fields International and De Beers both mine for diamonds in Namibia. The Namdeb Diamond Corporation (Pty) Limited, Namibia’s largest diamond company, is split equally between the Government of the Republic of Namibia and De Beers Centenary AG, a company of De Beers. It employs approximately 3200 people, making it the largest employer in Namibia after the government. Namdeb has continued to recover diamonds, generating employment and playing a central role in building the social and physical infrastructure of Namibia. In 2006, Namdeb produced 2.08 million carats.



Minister: Isak KATALI  

Tel: +264-61- 284 8111

Fax: +264-61-284 8363 / 220386


Deputy Minister: Willem ISAAK

Tel: +264-61- 284 8111

Fax: +264-61-284 8363 / 220386


Permanent Secretary: Joseph S IITA

Tel: +264-61- 284 8111


Mining Commisioner: Erasmus SHIVOLO

Tel: +264-61- 284 8111

Fax: +264-61-238643


Diamond Affairs

The department seeks to protect the diamond Industry of Namibia from smuggling and other illicit activities and to promote the diversification and integration of the industry into the rest of the economy in order to maximise its contribution to the socio-economic development of Namibia.


Diamond Commissioner: Kennedy Hamutenya

Tel: +264-61- 284 8320

Fax: +264-61-284 8380

E-mail: khamutenya@mme.gov.na







Namdeb Diamond Corporation is owned in equal shares by the Government of Namibia and De Beers Centenary. Namdeb's predecessor, Consolidated Diamond Mines (CDM), was a wholly owned subsidiary of De Beers until 1994.

Namdeb currently holds nine mining licences. 

The Mining Area No. 1, Bogenfels and Elizabeth Bay Mining Licences extend from the Orange River in the south to Luederitz in the north, and approximately 5.5 kms offshore in the Atlantic Ocean to approximately 35 kms inland.

Douglas Bay Mining Licence extends from Lüderitz north to latitude 26 degrees south and from the high water mark of the Atlantic Ocean to about 15 kilometres inland.

The Orange River Mining Licence extends along the Orange River for about 50 kilometres inland from the Mining Area No.1 boundary.

Atlantic 1 Mining Licence occupies a portion of the middle shelf of the South Atlantic Ocean, from the boundary of Mining Area No.1 to about 65 kilometres from the shore.

The bulk of Namdeb's production comes from the Mining Area No.1 and Atlantic 1 licences.

 In the latter area, De Beers Marine Namibia explores and recovers diamonds from beneath the sea off the Namibian coast.

In De Beers Marine Namibia, Namdeb has access to the technology and expertise of the world's foremost marine diamond mining company with an international reputation for excellence.

Auchas Mine on the north bank of the Orange River started operations in 1990 and Elizabeth Bay Mine, some 24 km south of Lüderitz, followed in 1991.

 Beach and marine contractors mine the northern portion of the company's licence areas and the coastal waters to 5 km from shore.

Contact: Inge Zaamwani-Kamwi, Managing Director

+264 61 204 3333


De Beers Marine Namibia

De Beers Marine Namibia is owned by De Beers (70%) and Namdeb (30%). The Company mines off the south west coast of Namibia in the Atlantic 1 licence area of Namdeb, as the exclusive contractor.

De Beers Marine Namibia operates a fleet of four mining vessels, of which three are currently actively involved in mining in the Atlantic 1 license area. The vessels are mv Debmar Atlantic, mv Debmar Pacific, mv !Gariep, and mv Grand Banks.




The government of Namibia and De Beers signed a new sorting, valuing and marketing agreement in 2007. Under the agreement, Namdeb’s production in Namibia will be sold through the DTC until 2013. The agreement included the formation of Namibia Diamond Trading Company (‘NDTC’, a 50:50 joint venture between the government of Namibia and De Beers), to recognise and formalise the government of Namibia and De Beers’ efforts to develop a sustainable local downstream diamond industry in the country.

Contact: Shihaleni Ellis Ndjaba, CEO of NDTC

P.O. Box 23316


Namdeb Centre,

9th Floor, 10 Dr. Frans Indongo Street

Mr. P. Shituna

Tel. : +26461 2043222

Fax : +26461 204 3262 


Below is the list of NDTC sightholders:


Almod Diamonds Namibia T/A Duiker Investment 142

Almod Diamonds(ALMOD) is a family owned and operated business. It is a fully vertically integrated company including diamond cutting & polishing, jewellery manufacturing and retail stores.

The retail division is international in scope and caters to cruise ship passengers and hotel guests. ALMOD deals with a full range of diamonds and diamond jewellery, with a specialisation in custom designs. ALMOD operates a diamond cutting and polishing factory in Windhoek, Namibia.


Dror Galili

Almod Diamonds Ltd.

New York, USA

Tel: +212 308 3600 ext 263

Fax: +1 646 898 4363

Email: dror.galili@almod.com


AMC/Gemxel Diamonds

Together with its downstream partners the company had been exploringf new opportunities and investing resource and know-how in innovative and effective product and market development.


David Parnas


Antwerp, Belgium

Tel: +32 3 226 4044

Fax: +32 3 232 0544

Email: david@amcdiamonds.be


Finesse Diamonds Corporation

Finesse Diamonds is a vertically integrated diamond and diamond jewelry manufacturer that has championed the marketing of verifiable origin diamonds, both from Canada, as one of the world’s leading wholesalers of CanadaMark™, and from Africa. Finesse is also the parent behind the successful Eighty-Eight® brand, a patented diamond cut with 8 sides, 88 facets.


Steven Gad

Finesse Diamonds Corporation

New York, USA

Tel: +1 212 391 5445 x21

Fax: +1 212 391 7602

Email: steven@finessediamonds.com


Hardstone Processing

HSP was one of the first companies to start manufacturing in Namibia in 2003, and the first with a Namibian workforce to manufacture 2-10 carat rough diamonds; the company’s core business. The company manufactures a broad spectrum of polished and proprietary cuts, including the company’s patented Namibian Sun®.

The company has an extensive sales network in Turkey and also distributes locally in Namibia.


Burhan Seber

Hardstone Processing (Pty) Ltd

Windhoek, Namibia

Tel: +264 61 21 35 90

Fax: +264 61 21 35 23


JKD Namibia

Julius Klein Diamonds LLC

The “premier” source for the broadest selection of diamonds in the world today, Julius Klein Group provides its clients with ‘everyday’ goods as well as specialty, large, rare and fancy colored diamonds.


Gil Reichman

Julius Klein Diamonds (South Africa) (Pty.) Ltd.

Johannesburg, South Africa

Tel: +27 11 402 3278

Fax: +27 11 402 6678

Email: gil@jkdsa.co.za


Laurelton-Reign Diamonds

Laurelton Diamonds Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Tiffany & Co, is a manufacturing and rough diamond trading company with operations across the globe including U.S.A., Belgium, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Vietnam, Mauritius and China. The Company procures rough diamonds and manages the worldwide supply chain that cuts, polishes and supplies finished polished diamonds to Tiffany & Co.


243 Nickel Street


PO BOX 320131





LLD Namibia

Established in 2002, LLD Namibia was one of the first diamond companies to substantially invest in Namibia for the benefit of its people. It operates a state of the art polishing facility, employing 450 workers-the biggest in Namibia. Its polished is distributed via LLD Diamonds, a Leviev group company, to their own retail and other leading retailers worldwide.


Kombadayedu Kapwanga

LLD Namibia (Pty) Ltd

Windhoek, Namibia

Tel: +2 (646) 138 6100

Email: kk@sakawe.com


NAMCOT Diamonds

Diacor International

The Steinmetz Diamond Group is a multinational company with interests ranging from manufacturing to retail. Specialising in large, fancy coloured and rare stones, the Group supports a full spectrum of products and has a focus on long term relations with its clients.


Dudi Shiama

Penford (Israel) Ltd.

Tel Aviv, Israel

Tel: +9723 575 0174

Fax: +9723 575 2956

Email: info@steinmetz-group.com


NAMGEM Trading

Lazare Kaplan International Inc.

Founded in 1903, LKI has been a leader in industry innovation: as pioneers of Ideal cut diamonds, first to laser-inscribe diamonds, and first to offer uniquely brilliant diamonds as a brand with complete marketing support. LKI also cuts and polishes commercial diamonds.



Charles Rosario

Lazare Kaplan International Inc.

New York, NY

Tel: +1 212 857 7618

Fax: +1 212 857 7683

Email: crosario@idealcut.com


NU Diamond Manufacturing 

Sundiamond BVBA

The SunDiamond Group of Companies blends the traditional values of diamond manufacturing with innovative distribution solutions. The Group's factories and offices provide consistent merchandise through a diverse product range, which is then enhanced via value-added marketing initiatives, providing a competitive advantage to its downstream partners.


Frank La Roux

SunDiamond USA Corp.

New York, USA

Tel: +1 212 278 0606

Fax: +1 212 278 0628

Email: frank@sundiamondusa.com


TRAU Bros Diamonds Namibia

Trau Bros NV

Established in 1890 and it launched Scintilla Monaco, a prestigious high-end jewellery line.


Didier Amiel

Trau Bros Israel 5764 Ltd.

Ramat Gan, Israel

Tel: +972 3 575 1761

Fax: +972 3 575 0024

Email: didier@traubros.be



It is an alluvial diamond mining company with a contract to mine diamonds on behalf of NAMDEB (a Namibian Government and De Beers joint venture). Its concession comprises the Sperrgebiet (restricted area) in the Luderitz district of Namibia.

The contract becomes renewable for a further 10 years in 2012.


Lord Sheppard of Didgemere KCVO Kt, Non-Executive Chairman


Anthony Carlton, Chief Executive Officer

Oliver Plummer, Finance Director

302 High Street




Telephone: 0208 726 0900

Fax: 0208 726 0880

Email: namibianplc@btconnect.com



It is a Canadian company, actively involved in the acquisition, exploration and development of major mineral properties in Namibia.


Block J / Woduna Concession

The Block J Marine Diamond Concession is located off the coast of Namibia, 105 km north of Luderitz. Covering an area of 994 square kilometres, Block J occupies a part of the continental shelf in water depths ranging from 70 metres to roughly 170 metres. T

he Block J Concession is subject to an option and joint-venture agreement signed in October 1999 between Afri-Can and Woduna Mining Holding (PTY) Ltd. 

Afri-Can holds a 70% undivided interest and is the operator of the joint venture. Block J is not subject to any royalties, back-in rights, payments or other agreements or encumbrances.

Contact: Michael J. Brown, Chairman and Director

Pierre Léveillé, President, CEO & Director

201-4444 Ste-Catherine St. W.

Westmount, Quebec H3Z 1R2


Phone: 514 846 2133

Fax: 514 846 1435

E-mail: info@afri-can.com



Lucara Diamond Corp. is an African focused diamond exploration and development company. The Company is building a portfolio of advanced staged diamond assets with a view to become a leading mid-tier African producer.

Kavango Project

 License Details: The Kavango licenses (10 in total) cover an area of approximately 8,359 km2 in north eastern Namibia in the Kavango region, adjacent to the Angolan border. Lucara's subsidiary - Motapa renewed the 14 Kavango licenses in May 2008 for the two year period expiring October 31, 2009 and allowed the Kavango West licenses to expire on July 24, 2008.

Ownership: 49% - Lucara's subsidiary, Motapa entered into a letter agreement with Namdeb Diamond Corporation Ltd. ("Namdeb") in September 2006 pursuant to which Namdeb was entitled to earn an interest in Motapa's 100% owned Kavango and Kavango West licenses. In December 2006, Namdeb exercised its option to earn a 51% interest in the Kavango and Kavango West license groups by committing to fund a 24-month work program mutually agreed to by Motapa and Namdeb. Namdeb may earn an addition 14% (for a total of 65%) by fully funding the program through to completion of a feasibility study.


Lukas Lundin, Chairman and Director

William Lamb, President, CEO and Director

Susan Neale, Chief Financial Officer

Suite 2101

885 West Georgia Street

Vancouver, BC V6C 3E8

T: 604 689 7842

F: 604 689 4250

E: sophias@namdo.com


Exploration Work Completed to Date

Exploration conducted by Motapa on the three license areas (Kavango, Kaudom and Kavango West) includes sampling, airborne and ground-based geophysics, and exploration drilling. In total over 6,200 heavy mineral samples were collected and processed for Kimberlitic Indicator Minerals (KIM's).



Namakwa Diamonds has a portfolio of operating mines and exploration projects across four African countries, namely Lesotho, Democratic Republic of Congo, Namibia and South Africa.

Tidal (marine)

Whilst the Namibian assets of Namakwa Diamonds constitute a large resource base, the methods of extraction are difficult and subject to the risks of operating at sea.

The Company is currently in the process of seeking a contractor to partner with on this project.

The Namibian resource base of 5.1 million carats of inferred resources represents 19% of the Group's resources in carat terms (Venmyn, 31 August 2010)



Namibia mined close to 1.1 million carats between January and August 2010 compared with 552,000 for the same period in 2009. Namibia produced just under 800,000 carats of diamonds in 2009, down from

2.1 million carats realized in 2008.



Sierra Leone is rich in both alluvial diamond deposits and kimberlite resources, but to date the country's alluvial diamond resources account for 90% of the diamond exports in West Africa. Most of the diamond mining is centered in Koidu-Sefadu in the Kono District in eastern Sierra Leone, near the border with Guinea and Liberia. For many years the Magna Egoli Mine on the Sewa River was Sierra Leone's only large-scale mining operation, but since the mid-1990s foreign mining companies have invested millions in exploring the country's kimberlite resources and in constructing underground kimberlite mines.



Alhaji Alpha Saahid Bakarr Kanu, Minister of Mineral Resources

Tel: office +232 22 235234

Tel: private +232 (0) 76 210000

Fax: +232 22 241147

Email: minister@slmineralresources.org


Abdul Ignosi Koroma, Deputy Minister of the Ministry of the Mineral Resources

Tel: office +232 22 241067

Tel: private +232 (0) 76 323 509

Fax: +232 22 235078

Email: abdulignosdi@hotmail.com


Permanent Secretary: Umaru Bundu Wurie

Tel: office +232 22 230427

Tel: private +232 (0)76 671200

Email: uwurie@yahoo.com,   ps@slmineralresources.org



Geological Surveys Department

New England, Freetown

Director of Geological Survey: Ms Agatha John

Tel: private +232 (0)76 660444






Paragon Diamonds is a holding company of both producing and exploration assets with an initial focus on the diamond and coloured gemstone industry in Africa.

The Group’s objective is to continue production from its established operating Konoma Diamond mine in Sierra Leone, with the subsequent intention of increasing the value of its Diamond and Gemstone Assets through the development of resource estimates and, where appropriate, commence production of other economically feasible Diamond and Gemstone Assets.


Sierra Leone Hard Rock Limited

100% subsidiary of Paragon Diamonds, no local government equity stake or legacy partner issues.

- 4 Mining Licences (162.40km2).

-  Average values of $260-450/ carat are well above world average.

-  Indicated Resources of 119,000 carats.


Konoma Mines Operations

- Use owner operated mine fleet & engage local miners.

- Build relationship with local Chiefs and community leaders and diggers.

- Re-brand the diamond operation in Sierra Leone.

- Mine and explore using 3 fronts:

- Owner operated mechanised mining.   

-  Small field crews explore/develop gravels ahead of mechanised mining.

- Engage local diggers by paying guaranteed wage and diamond price.

- Local diggers supply can offset costs.

- Diggers stone will be subject to GDV and Govt. will get tax revenue.

- Approach fully endorsed by the Government.



Francesco ("Frank") Scolaro - Executive Chairman

Stephen Grimmer – Managing Director

Simon Retter – Finance Director

2nd Floor, Martin House, 26-30 Old Church Street,

London SW3 5BY.





Stellar holds three diamond licences in Sierra Leone, covering an area of 275 square kilometers.

The Kono project comprises two Exclusive Prospecting Licenses, located in the renowned diamond district of Kono. Underground trial mining has yielded over 4,200 carats at potentially economic diamond grades.

Further to the south, Stellar explored a 9,700 square kilometer area from 2004 to 2007. This area has now been reduced to a single Exclusive Prospecting Licences in the Tongo area, which hosts high-grade kimberlite dykes where grades of up to 100cpht have been yielded from mini-bulk sampling.


Kono Project

The Kono area of Sierra Leone is renowned for the quality of diamonds produced. The 970-carat Star of Sierra Leone was recovered from the area and regular discoveries of 100-carat plus diamonds are made. It is estimated that total diamond production from the Kono area is in excess of 9 million carats.

Stellar is 100% owner over two licences that cover an area of approximately 242 square kilometers adjacent to the producing mine of Koidu Holdings.

Underground trial mining has focussed on two shafts, Pol-K and Bardu and has yielded over 4,200 carats to date.



Stellar has discovered extensions to the high grade Tongo kimberlite dyke swarm in the 33 square kilometer licence area.

 The Tongo dykes have reported grades of up to 300 carats per hundred tons and diamond values of $175 per carat on the basis of exploration conducted by previous operators in the old Sierra Leone Selection Trust area, as well as more recent sampling by Koidu Holdings in the adjacent licence.

A total of four dykes have so far been discovered and delineated in the JV area, with one dyke having a strike length of 3km.

Ground geophysical surveys and drilling was completed prior to a microdiamond sampling programme whereby six samples of 200kg each were collected and processed at an independent laboratory in South Africa.


Other Projects

Prior to the merger, West African Diamonds made the decision to farm out two projects in Sierra Leone, the Pipe 3 and Dump 11 tailings projects. Stellar therefore retains a 20% carried interest in the 67.64km2 Pipe 3 kimberlite licence and a 5% net smelter royalty on the 2.17km2 mining lease covering the Dump 11 gold and diamond tailings.

These projects are not considered material to Stellar.  



Karl Smithson, Chief Executive Officer

41 Maiden Lane



T: +44 (0) 20 7257 2930

F: +44 (0) 20 7257 2939

Cell: + 44 (0) 778 370 7971


Angus Ogilvie, Financial Director

Cell: +44 (0) 788 520 1903




Sierra Leone produced 400,842.98 carats in 2009 according to KP statistics.



In 1867, a 21 carat diamond was found near the Orange River, followed by alluvial diamonds between the Vaal and Orange Rivers. This led to the unearthing of an 83 carat stone in 1869. By late 1870 there was a diamond rush. Source areas were identified in Kimberley, leading to giant open quarries by 1872. Cecil Rhodes, developed the first major diamond mine in the country in Kimberley in 1888, which was the first mine for the De Beers Group – now the world’s largest mining company. Other companies mining diamonds in South Africa include BHP Billiton and Firestone.



Susan Shabangu, Minister of Mineral Resources

Godfrey Oliphant Deputy Minister of Mineral Resources

Sandile Nogxina, Director-General of the Department of Mineral Resources

Contact: Trevenna Campus

Building 2 C

C/o Meintjes and Schoeman Street


+27 12 444 3000     







The Kimberley group of mines are located in the Northern Cape in South Africa, around the famous mining town of Kimberley.

There are five pipes in this group: De Beers, Kimberley, Bultfontein, Dutoitspan and Wesselton.

The mines were established in 1871. The original Kimberley mine closed in 1914, and the De Beers underground mine in 1995.

In September 2007, Petra Diamonds bought the underground operations from De Beers.

In 2004, De Beers opened a combined treatment plant (CTP) in Kimberley to retreat the dumps in the area. The CTP has extended the life of the mine to 2023. 

In 2009, De Beers recovered 397 000 carats from the Kimberley surface operations from 913 000 2.696 tonnes treated (2008: 913 000 carats from 5.875 tonnes treated).

The largest diamond recovered to date was a 93-carat stone, with the largest gem being 45 carats.




Their diamonds are concentrated in alluvial or “placer” deposits comprising old gravel beaches and river channels.

The diamonds are found up to 100 metres below surface, although mining has to date only ventured some 40 metres down.

The nature of the remaining ore reserve at Namaqualand Mines requires a different approach to the mining method traditionally applied if it is to be extracted profitably. For this reason, production at Namaqualand Mines was suspended after the first quarter of 2010 with the objective of developing and introducing an ore extraction and processing methodology suitable to the reserve once operations are resumed.


South African Sea Areas

The South African Sea Areas (SASA) operation was established in 2003 when we were granted Mining Licence 3.

ML3/2003, as it is called, covers a concession area of 8,000km2 along the West Coast of South Africa (click here for the map). 

The SASA project yielded 167 000 carats in 2009 (2008: 191 000 carats).

The De Beers Marine SA fleet undertakes sampling and mining in the 40km2 area covered by the SASA mine plan. The fleet consists of three ships:

Coral Sea (sampling vessel)

Douglas Bay (sampling vessel)

The AUV (underwater vessel)


Venetia mine opened in 14 August 1992, and is currently the largest producer of diamonds in South Africa.



It yields approximately 40% of South Africa’s total annual diamond production.   In 2009 Venetia yielded 2.204 million carats from 2.836 million tonnes treated (2008: 7.5 million carats from 5.975 million tonnes treated).

The mine is situated in Limpopo Province, 25km south of where the international borders of Botswana, Zimbabwe and South Africa intersect.

The mine is currently an open-pit operation, but it is expected to convert to underground mining between 2018 and 2021 as the mine becomes deeper. The current targeted pit floor level is at a depth of 400 meters.



Voorspoed was officially opened on 4 November 2008. It is the first of a new generation of mines, setting new standards in environmental and social performance.

Voorspoed is the first De Beers mine to be opened in South Africa since DBCM entered into a groundbreaking Broad-Based Black Economic Empowerment (BBBEE) transaction with Ponahalo Holdings Limited in 2006. 

Voorspoed is located approximately 30 km North East of Kroonstad, in the Fezile Dabi District of the Free State Province.

It will be operational for 12-16 years, including ramp up and closure. The mine is expected to produce up to 800,000 carats per annum. 


2. DTC South Africa

It sorts and values all of De Beers Consolidated Mine’s production, averaging 13 million carats per annum. It is also responsible for local sales and working closely with its South African Sightholders, and industry at large, to support the establishment of a sustainable manufacturing industry in the country.

Below is a list of DTC SA sightholders:




It had been exploring new opportunities and invest resource and know-how in innovative and effective product and market development.


David Parnas

Antwerp, Belgium

Tel: +32 3 226 4044

Fax: +32 3 232 0544

Email: david@amcdiamonds.be



Diacor International Ltd

The Steinmetz Diamond Group is a multinational company with interests ranging from manufacturing to retail. Specialising in large, fancy coloured and rare stones, the Group supports a full spectrum of products and has a focus on long term relations with its clients.


Dudi Shiama

Penford (Israel) Ltd.

Tel Aviv, Israel

Tel: +972 3 575 0174

Fax: +972 3 575 2956

Email: info@steinmetz-group.com



Michael Wediger, Inc.

Michael Werdiger, Inc. was established in 1954. It is a vertically-integrated industrial diamond, polished diamond and diamond jewellery group that manufactures a broad range of products in the USA, S.A., India and China.


Skip Gaillard

Tel: +1 212 869 5160

Fax: +1 212 302 5269

Email: heg@mwiny.com



Louis Glick Diamond Corporation

Louis Glick has a large selection of the finest range of white and yellow diamonds. It supplies prominent jewellery houses with a vast selection of fine and rare jewellery. Its jewellery comprises bridal rings, trilogy, necklaces, earrings and bracelets.


Faye Winter

Louis Glick Diamond Corporation

New York, USA

Tel: +1 212 259 0333 Fax: +1 212 489 8178

Email: fwinter@louisglick.com



Julius Klein Diamonds LLC

Julius Klein Group provides its clients with ‘everyday’ goods as well as specialty, large, rare and fancy colored diamonds. JKG helps strengthen its retail partners’ store brand by adding value through numerous, customized marketing solutions.


Gil Reichman

Julius Klein Diamonds (South Africa) (Pty) Ltd. and JKD Namibia (Pty) Ltd

Johannesburg, South Africa

Tel: +27 11 402 3278

Fax: +27 11 402 6678

Email: gil@jkdsa.co.za



Laurelton Diamonds Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Tiffany & Co, is a manufacturing and rough diamond trading company with operations across the globe including U.S.A., Belgium, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Vietnam, Mauritius and China.

The Company procures rough diamonds and manages the worldwide supply chain that cuts, polishes and supplies finished polished diamonds to Tiffany & Co. As part of that supply chain, it operates diamond cutting and polishing factories as well as own gemological laboratories.

Suite 601, SA Jewellery Centre

Corner Phillips and Main Streets







D.D. Manufacturing NV

Life Diamonds is a manufacturer of 2ct+ diamonds (up to exception specials) in a large range of shapes, colors and clarities.

 Life Diamonds uses the latest technology in tandem with highly-skilled local diamond craftsmen to achieve superior quality production.

Shali Levy

Tel: +27 (11) 334 9131

Fax: +27 (11) 334 2947

Email: lifediamonds@icon.co.za



Lazare Kaplan International Inc.

Founded in 1903, LKI was a pioneer of Ideal cut diamonds, first to laser-inscribe diamonds, and first to offer uniquely brilliant diamonds as a brand with complete marketing support. LKI also cuts and polishes commercial diamonds.

Charles Rosario

Lazare Kaplan International Inc.

New York, USA

Tel: +1 212 857 7618

Fax: +1 212 857 7683

Email: dgagnon@idealcut.com



Safdico Limited

Safdico specialises in high-end blue-white gems, fancy colours and large sized diamonds. Together with its partner Graff, the company has purveyed some of the most ‘fabulous’ gems in the world.

Brian Gutkin

Safdico RSA (Pty.) Ltd.

Johannesburg, South Africa

Tel: +27 11 334 8203

Fax: +27 11 334 5887

Email: brian.gutkin@safdico.com



Salant Group Limited

Salant Group is one of the world’s leading manufacturers and distributors of polished diamonds. The Group offers a combination of outstanding client support services and a vast selection of loose generic diamonds in all retail categories worldwide.

Sam Even

Salant Masingita Diamond Manufacturers (Pty) Ltd

Johannesburg, South Africa

Tel: +27 11 334 8661

Fax: +27 11 334 8663

Email: sam@salantgroup.com



(Principal Associated Company is Schachter & Namdar Asia Ltd.)

It supplies certified diamonds, mainly from 0.5ct to 15ct in VS clarity and up. It distributes worldwide, but especially in Asia, and have offices in Hong Kong, Tokyo and Shanghai.

SA Jewelry Centre

225 Main St

Johannesburg 2001

South Africa




Taché Investments SA

Taché claims to fulfill the needs of its clients through privileged access to the products and services of all the Taché Alliance companies.

Victor Weinman

Taché USA Inc.

New York, USA

Tel: +1 212 371 1234 Fax: +1 212 371 2641

Email: victorw@tachejewelry.com



Chow Tai Fook Jewellery Co.

Zlotowski's Diamond Cutting Works is the South African diamond manufacturing arm of Chow Tai Fook Group. It is one of the oldest diamond cutting factories in South Africa and currently the largest employer of diamond polishers in South Africa.

Patrick Kwok

Tel: +27 11 334 8300

Fax: +27 11 334 6029

Email: zlotidcw@iafrica.com




Kimberley Consolidated Mining Limited (KCM) is a diamond mining, exploration and development company with kimberlite and alluvial diamond projects situated primarily in Kimberley and its surrounding regions.

Bo-Karoo mine

An operating alluvial mine on the Farm Rietsdrift, District Hopetown on the Middle Orange River owned through a wholly owned subsidiary, Bo-Karoo Diamond Mining.

Other projects

KCM’s other major asset include a new order prospecting right over the Carter Block area in the Northern Cape Province.

There are three known Kimberlites in the Carter Block Area, namely, the Shone, Bouden and PPC Pipes upon which KCM conducted Prospecting Operations prior to the collapse of Diamond Markets in 2008.

- A Prospecting Right Renewal application submitted to Department of Mineral Resources (DMR)

In addition, KCM has entered into joint venture agreements in respect of two new order prospecting rights in the Taung and Barkly West areas in the North West Province.

KCM will ultimately hold an effective 70 per cent stake in each of these rights.



Hein le Riche, Chief Executive

Board of directors: Ranthoko Rakgoale (chairman)

Unit 204B, 2nd Floor

The Colosseum, Century City 7441

 Tel: +27 21 555 3737

 Fax:+27 21 555 1551



Land operations

Carat production in the second half was 7% higher (55 444 carats) than the first half (51 861 carats) totalling 107 305 carats (2007: 129 950 carats). The year-on-year decrease in total carats was mainly due to the decommissioning of the Bloeddrif plant and the lower than anticipated grades at Baken, both of which have now been addressed.




South African production declined from 51 871 carats to 43 670 carats due to lower grade at Baken during the first quarter. Notwithstanding the considerable inflationary pressure on operating costs, notably fuel, the operating margin increased to 22,4% (20,9%).

Baken produced 29 799 carats (39 300 carats) with an average stone size of 1,05 carats per stone (1,16 carats per stone). The average grade realised was 1,40 carats/100 m3 (1,63 carats/100 m3) with grade in the first quarter being 1,20 carats/100 m3 which recovered to 1,58 carats/100 m3 in the second quarter.



The Reuning operation achieved 9 758 carats (6 642 carats). The recommissioned Bloeddrif plant produced 1 203 carats (nil carats) over the reporting period. Plans to introduce a high-volume, low-cost operation have commenced, with plant volumes increasing from 40 000 m3 to 60 000 m3 per month after the introduction of an in-field screening plant. An infill bulk sampling programme to gain more geological information to the extent of the reserve has also commenced, with initial results confirming our confidence levels in the grade.



Only limited exploration work was undertaken in South Africa during the year due to the challenging financial conditions. Exploration focused on continued delineation and extension of the resource base on the Lower Orange tenement.



Llewellyn Delport, Chief Executive Officer

MERVYN CARSTENS, Executive Director: SA Land Operations

IAN HESTERMANN, Executive Director: Finance

405 Voortrekker Road



Cape Town

Switchboard +27 21 937 2000

Fax +27 21 937 2100



Rockwell is focused on creating a growth-oriented mid-tier diamond mining and development company. To meet this goal, the Company has an interest in several producing and exploration alluvial diamond properties in southern Africa.


Rockwell has an interest in the following alluvial diamond properties and projects:


Holpan-Klipdam Property

The Holpan and Klipdam Property is located 45 km from Kimberley, South Africa and consists of the adjacent Holpan 161 and Klipdam 157 farms, covering an area of 3,836 hectares. It is situated adjacent to the Leicester hard rock diamond mine from which exceptionally large diamonds have been recovered, and within an area of significant alluvial diamond operations.

The property hosts an extensive alluvial diamond deposit. An estimated inferred resource* of 8,753,163 cubic metres (m3) and indicated resource* of 2,272,502 cubic metres (m3) of diamondiferous gravel at a grade of 0.84 carats/100 m3 was updated in February 2009.

Alluvial operations are continuing, using a large fleet of new equipment. At Klipdam, diamond bearing gravels are processed through a double 18 foot, low-cost, wet rotary pan plant which was completely modernized and upgraded in October 2007.


Wouterspan Property

The Wouterspan Property is located in the Herbert District of the Northern Cape Province some 50km southwest of Douglas, South Africa. The operations are located on the farm Lanyonvale (various portions) with an aggregate area of 2,579.8 hectares. The property is situated adjacent to the Saxendrift Property and downstream from the alluvial deposits of the Whitewaters farm.

Diamonds of exceptional value have been recovered, including a 156 carat D-flawless stone that sold for approximately US$5.7 million and a 152 carat D-colour stone that sold for approximately US$4.3 million at official tender in 2006. In addition to the 156 and 152 carat stones, a 134 carat yellow stone, a 39.97 carat D flawless stone and a 41.31 carat light yellow stone were recovered in 2006.

For Fiscal Year 2009, diamond sales from production averaged over US$1,290 per carat.


Saxendrift, Niewejaarskraal & South Bank Middle Orange River Operations

The Saxendrift Project is located along the south bank of the Middle Orange River between Douglas and Prieska in the Northern Cape Province of South Africa. The Saxendrift Project is comprised of the Saxendrift Mine as well as the Kwartelspan prospect which is contiguous to the Saxendrift Mine property.

Saxendrift is adjacent to Wouterspan, which is located on the north bank of the Middle Orange River. The proximity of these projects offers Rockwell the opportunity to maximize existing infrastructure and operational synergies.

Rockwell acquired the property in April 2008 and initiated processing by re-commissioning an existing 35 tonne per hour Dense Media Separation Plant (DMS); repairing and re-commissioning the gravel screening and rotary-pan plants (including three 16-foot and one 14-foot rotary-pans) located near the north-eastern margin of the Saxendrift terrace.


Niewejaarskraal & South Bank Middle Orange River Operations

The Niewejaarskraal project is located on the south bank of the Middle Orange River in the Herbert district of the Northern Cape Province, approximately 57km southwest of Douglas, South Africa.

This deposit comprises an extensive flat lying alluvial sequence located on terraces, approximately 20-70m above the present day Orange River.

The previous operator, TransHex (THO), had conducted trial-mining in 2001 and full-scale operations from 2002 until 2005, after which, the mine was put on care and maintenance.

An estimated inferred mineral resource* of 20,630,500 cubic metres (m3) at a grade of 0.84 carats/100 m3 was updated February 28, 2009.

During 2008, Rockwell re-evaluated the resource data for Niewejaarskraal, based on group standard operating procedures.

Work by Rockwell on the neighboring Saxendrift Mine resulted in increased diamond recoveries and it is, similarly, expected that the same improvements in diamond recovery will be applied to the Niewerjaarskraal operation and result in increased grades.


Contact: David Copeland, Chairman

              Graham Chamberlain, Chief Operating Officer

              Chief Executive & President John Bristow resigned mid December 2010. He is yet to be replaced

Level 0, Wilds View, Isle of Houghton

Corner Carse O'Gowrie and Boundary Roads Houghton Estate,

Johannesburg, 2198

(PO Box 3011, Houghton, 2041 South Africa)

Telephone: +27(0)11 481 7200

Facsimile: +27(0)11 481 7235




Namakwa Diamonds has a portfolio of operating mines and exploration projects across four African countries, namely Lesotho, Democratic Republic of Congo, Namibia and South Africa.


North West Province (alluvials)

This operation is the bedrock of the mining activities of the Group. The North West Province has been in production for over two years and provides the scope for increased development with a resource base of approximately 2 million carats of Indicated (0.3 million carats) and Inferred Resources (1.7 million carats), representing 8% of the Group's resources in carat terms (Venmyn, 28 February 2010).

The North West Province mineral assets, represent low-grade alluvial deposits (of generally less than 1cpht), with diamond prices ranging from $300/ct to $700/ct.


Development Assets

Northern Cape Province (alluvials)

 In South Africa, the Northern Cape Province's mineral assets represent a notably higher-grade opportunity than those within the North West Province, with similar revenue potential for the Megalodon Channel, north of the Buffels River.

The thick gravel horizons, and significant potential for the main channel and its associated tributaries to extend over large areas, highlights the Buffels North Node as an advanced exploration target that warrants further attention, in spite of the substantial strip ratio created by the thick overburden.

The other two project areas represent identified targets that require an initial phase of exploration to assess their diamondiferous potential. 



Nico Kruger, Chief Executive Officer

Jacques Conradie, Executive Director and Chief Financial Officer

Hans Smith, Independent Non-executive Chairman

209 SA Diamond Centre

225 Main Street

Corner Main and Philip Streets

Johannesburg, 2001

PO Box 260898

Excom, 2023


Tel: +27 11 334 8886

Fax: +27 11 334 8885




In South Africa, Petra has six producing mines – Cullinan, Koffiefontein, Kimberley Underground, Helam, Sedibeng and Star (the Fissures).

In the year to 30 June 2010, Petra’s production rose 6% to 1,164,856 carats (FY 2009: 1,099,367 carats). Petra’s production will continue to rise as the Group develops its world-class asset base.



Cullinan is one of the world's most celebrated diamond mines and is renowned for producing many of the most spectacular diamonds ever seen. It earned its place in history with the discovery of the Cullinan diamond in 1905, the largest gem diamond ever found at 3,106 carats rough, and it has produced more than a quarter of all the world's diamonds weighing more than 400 carats.

 It is also the world's only significant source of truly rare and highly valuable blue diamonds.

The Cullinan kimberlite pipe is the world's second largest indicated diamond resource of 181.4 million carats (total resource base of 203.3 million carats including tailings).



Koffiefontein is one of the world's top kimberlite mines by average value per carat. The mine produces high-value diamonds, a regular proportion of which are beautiful white diamonds between 5 and 30 carats in size.

The average value per carat achieved in the financial year to June 2010 was $402, which is high compared to the world's kimberlite mines.

Petra acquired Koffiefontein in July 2007 from De Beers and, having conducted care and maintenance activities at the mine in the 12 months prior to completion, was able to bring the mine on stream immediately.


Kimberley Underground

Kimberley Underground comprises Bultfontein, Dutoitspan and Wesselton, three mines which were integral to the economic development of South Africa as their output effectively financed development of the nascent gold industry.

As with Cullinan and Koffiefontein, these mines have also produced spectacular diamonds in the past, such as The Oppenheimer, a nearly perfectly-formed 253.7 carat yellow diamond crystal.

The mines were closed by De Beers in 2005 and subsequently Petra had been operating Kimberley Underground under care and maintenance since September 2007.

Petra was given approval to operate the mines under De Beers’ licence, which demonstrates the level of confidence the industry leader has in Petra’s overall ability to rehabilitate and operate deep underground diamond mines. This care and maintenance period enabled Petra to complete all the rehabilitation work required in order to ready the operation to recommence production. The acquisition finally completed in May 2010.


Fissure mines

The fissure mines – Helam, Sedibeng and Star – were acquired when Petra merged with ASX quoted Crown Diamonds NL in May 2005.

Petra is recognised as the world’s leading expert in narrow vein diamond ‘fissure’ mining, a highly specialist area.

 Due to the limited tonnages that can be extracted in such operations, the former Crown Diamonds team honed an operating culture focused on efficiencies perfectly suited to ensuring these mines remained economic despite fluctuations in the capital and diamond markets.



Petra Diamonds recently acquired Finsch mine from de Beers. The mine was established in 1961, and is situated 165km west of Kimberley in the Northern Cape province of South Africa.

In July 2008, the Finsch Treatment Plant Upgrade was completed. The purpose of the upgrade was to improve the overall diamond recovery efficiency levels and increase the treatment plant throughput capacity by 1.4 million tonnes.

 An important part of this effort will be to enhance the value of diamonds recovered by liberating them from the kimberlite host rock in a carefully designed 'diamond friendly' process.

De Beers Consolidated Mines recovered 4.797 million carats from 11.321 million tonnes treated during the calendar year 2009 (2008: 11.960 million carats from 21.832 million tonnes treated).




Johan Dippenaar, Chief Executive Officer

Adonis Pouroulis, Executive Chairman

David Abery, Finance Director

Silver Point Office Park, Block 3,

22 Ealing Crescent, Bryanston, 2021,

Johannesburg, South Africa

Telephone: +27 11 702 6900

Fax: +27 11 706 3071

E-mail: info@petradiamonds.com




DiamondCorp’s primary asset in South Africa is the Lace Diamond Mine, an historic operation located some 200 kilometres south-west of Johannesburg, near the town of Kroonstad in Free State Province. DiamondCorp was awarded a mining right to the Lace property in February 2009.


Lace Diamond Mine

Two main types of kimberlite exist at Lace – an upper level Volcanoclastic Kimberlite (at an average grade of 24 carats per hundred tonnes) and the deeper Coherent Kimberlite Facies (at an average grade of around 55 carats per hectare). The latter (Coherent Kimberlite Facies) becomes volumetrically dominant at depth, so that the grade of the pipe is expected to increase over the life of mine.

Along with white diamonds of above average quality, historically Lace was known for its fancy pinks and purples, which had become a signature gem from this mine. More than 80 percent of Lace’s diamonds are of gem quality, with some very clear white stones being founds. While historically the bulk of Lace’s value curve has been in the 1 carat to 4 carat range, the pipe has produced a number of large stones, up to 122 carats.

Full-scale mining is expected to achieved by the end of 2011 at a rate of 4,000 tonnes per day, or 1.2 million tonnes per annum. At peak production, to be reached in 2016, Lace is expected to produce around 400,000 carats per annum.



Paul Loudon, Chief Executive Officer

 Euan Worthington, Non-executive Chairman

 John Forrest, Chief Financial Officer

1 Liverpool Street

London, EC2M 7QD

United Kingdom

Tel +44 (0) 20 3151 0970

Fax +44 (0) 20 3151 0971




Klipspringer Diamond Mine project

Mwana holds 61% of the project.

Geology and history:

The mine is a joint venture between Mwana (62%) and Naka Diamond Mining  (38%), a Black Economic Empowerment company.

The development of the Klipspringer Diamond Mine commenced in 2001 with the construction of a decline down to 7 level (160m) and was in full production by February 2003. In December 2003 the joint venture partners, made a decision to temporarily suspend the mining operations at the Klipspringer Joint Venture, caused principally by the strength of the South African rand.

Following successful trials through 2006 and 2007, the mine was re-engineered and the underhand open stoping mining method introduced, resulting in a reduced tonnage but an improvement in grade and a reduction in the cost structure.


Kalaa Mpinga, Chief Executive Officer

Tel: 020 7654 5588

Mwana Africa plc





South Africa produced 6,139,682.00 carats in 2009 according to KP statistics.



Tanzania has produced diamonds for decades, with most production from the Williamson Diamonds Mine at Mwadui where production started in 1925.

Exploration teams are looking for other economically viable kimberlites in Tanzania before the Mwadui pipe is exhausted.



William Ngeleja, Minister of Energy & Mineral Resources

Adam Malima, Deputy Minister of Energy & Mineral Resources

Arthur Mwakapugi, Permanent Secretary


Sokoine/Mwepu Street, Dar es Salaam

P.O. Box 2000/9152, Dar es Salaam

Telephone +255 22 2117153; +255 22 2112793; +255 22 2137138

FAX            +255 22 2116719; +255 22 232001

E-Mail:      madini@africaonline.co.tz




Petra completed the acquisition of a 75% interest in the Williamson mine from De Beers in November 2008.


The Williamson mine is an open pit diamond mine at Mwadui in the Shinyanga Province of northern Tanzania. At 146 hectares, Williamson is the largest kimberlite pipe ever to be mined economically, having been operated continuously as an open pit mine for almost 70 years.

 During this time it has produced over 20 million carats, and there remains a major resource of some 40 million carats. The mine regularly produces large, high-quality stones and is a source of rare and extremely valuable fancy pink diamonds.

Petra haD been very pleased with the high quality of diamonds recovered at Williamson. Whilst an average sales value of $157 per carat was achieved for FY 2010, the Company expects that the new plant and processing techniques to be introduced at the mine will bring about substantial improvements to diamond recoveries and values in the future, and that values of around $200 per carat will be achievable over the medium term.


Johan Dippenaar, Chief Executive Officer

Adonis Pouroulis, Executive Chairman

David Abery, Finance Director

Silver Point Office Park, Block 3,

22 Ealing Crescent, Bryanston, 2021,

Johannesburg, South Africa

Telephone: +27 11 702 6900

Fax: +27 11 706 3071

E-mail: info@petradiamonds.com




Paragon Diamonds is a holding company of both producing and exploration assets with an initial focus on the diamond and coloured gemstone industry in Africa.

African Rock Resources Limited

• 100% subsidiary of Paragon Diamonds (conditional on the successful renewal of the Mabuki licence which expired in October 2010).

• Mabuki (64.35km2) 80Km south west of Mwanza, Tanzania.


Mabuki Diamond Licence

• 100% ownership.

• Good infrastructure nearby (roads, power, water, transport links).

• Licence within known Kimberlite Field.

• Artisanal activity to the west of Licence, over 5,000 miners.

• Diamond bearing gravels off edge of licence.

• 1st historical diamond discovery in Tanzania was at Mabuki.

• Mabuki kimberlite field -five of the seven known pipes are diamondiferous (Caledonia Mining PR 1995).


Korogwe Sapphire Mining Licence

• 100% ownership.

• Umba River area, renown for gemstone mining.

• World's only occurrence of the Umba sapphire.

• A unique type of fancy sapphire discovered circa 1960, exhibit coloration not common to sapphires sourced from other parts of the world.

• Good infrastructure nearby.

• Umba gemstone production dropped in 2005 as mines became deeper, requiring mechanisation.

• Artisanal activity throughout area.


Rufiji River Ruby Mining Licence

• 100% ownership.

• New area of gemstone mining.

• Tanzanian Ruby, highly regarded due to natural red colouring.

• Artisanal activity in the area.



Francesco ("Frank") Scolaro - Executive Chairman

Stephen Grimmer – Managing Director

Simon Retter – Finance Director

2nd Floor, Martin House, 26-30 Old Church Street,

London SW3 5BY.






TanzaniteOne is the largest miner and supplier of rough tanzanite, a unique position that affords it the opportunity to support and influence the entire channel, from mine to market, ensuring that maximum stakeholder value is achieved at each stage of the process.

The mine is considered a modern, low-cost operation and boasts an exemplary safety record.

Mining currently takes place through five shafts: Delta, Askiri, Main, CT and Bravo shafts. Shafts are sunk at an angle of 42° along dip of the JWZ mineralisation zone.

The shafts are fitted with tracks and material is removed via a hoist and inclined shaft structure. Drives are driven along strike at an angle of ±16° along the plunge of the fold noses.



Ami Mpungwe, Executive Chairman

Bernard Olivier, Chief Executive Officer

Faustus Felician Rutahindurwa - Chief Geologist

Farai Manyemba - Chief Financial Officer

Block C, Merelani Simanjiro District

PO Box 15237

Arusha Tanzania

Mine tel: +255 754 600 991

Mine fax: +255 754 793 097



The Preferred Supply Strategy aims to grow the global market for tanzanite through strategic collaborative relationships with exclusive customers, ‘Sightholders', selected from the world's leading gemstone houses and jewellery manufacturers.

Sightholders have been chosen for their focus on tanzanite, ability to make a long-term commitment, distribution capabilities, understanding of the need for vertical integration and most importantly their operational standards of integrity.

TanzaniteOne has initially appointed eight Sightholders, with plans to increase this number in the medium term. These initial eights are listed below:


AG Color Inc

AG Color Inc carries a four generation old legacy of distributing fine quality gemstones. Their offices are situated in New York and for over a decade AG Color have excelled in precision cut calibrated and free size tanzanite, carrying an inventory which includes pairs, suites and custom cut shapes and sizes for the discerning jeweller.


Hemant Phophalia, Chief Executive

Suite 701, 17 E 48th St.

New York, NY 10017

Tel: +1 212 207 3905/6/7

Fax: +1 212 207 4877

Toll Free: 1 866 4 AG COLOR


E-mail: hemant@agcolor.com




Colorjewels is a vertically integrated company having interests in both rough and polished tanzanite. The core competency of the business lies in fine cutting and polishing of stones and creating the latest designs in jewellery.

Om Prakash Dangayach, Chief Executve

Suite 704, 2 West 46 th Street

New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Tel: +1 212 764 2823

Fax: +1 212 354 8488

Email: yatish@dyach.com

www.dyach.com (under construction)



Established in 1979. Wholesaler to the trade. Primary trade in Sapphire (all colors), Ruby and Tanzanite. Also carries Emerald, Alexandrite and Tsavorite. Deals mainly in the higher to mid range grades.

Contact: Benjamin Hackman, Chief Executive

Suite 800, 48 West 48th Street,

New York, NY 10036,

United States of America

Tel: +1 212 997 7755

       800 750 7090

Fax: +1 212 764 0333

       +1 212 997 7222

Email: intercolor@msn.com


Paul Wild

Paul Wild OHG was founded in 1926 and has become one of the leading and most successful gemstone houses in the world. Their yearly sales far exceed one million gemstones ranging from unique one-off high quality gemstones to standard gems for quantity orders.


Hans-Werner Wild, Chief Executive

Auf der Lay 2 Germany-55743 Kirschweiler (Idar-Oberstein)

Tel: +49 6781 93 43 0

Fax: +49 6781 93 43 43

Email: paul-wild@t-online.de



KL Tambi

K. L. Tambi & Co. is a jeweler based in Jaipur, India who has been in business for more than three decades. It is a family concern and has substantial experience in the colored gem stone business, specialising in tanzanite and emeralds. Its main operations involve importing rough stones, and cutting and polishing them.

J P Tambi, Chief Executive Officer

1839, 2nd Floor Barah Gamgaur Ka Rasta

Johari Bazar, Jaipur



Tel: +91 141 257 1715/6

Fax: +91 141 257 7061

Email: kltambi@onebox.com



Rare Multicolor Gems

Rare Multicolor Gems bears the reputation of being cutters of the finest quality gemstones. With offices stretching from Jaipur, India to the USA, Europe, Hong Kong and Bangkok, Rare Multicolor Gems has a reputation for unwavering commitment to service and strict adherence to quality.

Ram Khatoria, Chief Executive

Suite 1505, 2 West 46th Street

New York, NY 10036

United States of America

Tel: +1 212 869 7855

Fax: +1 212 869 7236

Email: khatoria@gmail.com


STS Jewels Inc.

STS Jewels is one of the world's largest manufacturers and distributors of tanzanite jewellery.

Sunil Agrawal, Chief Executive

3000 47th Avenue

5th Floor, Long Island City

New York, NY 11101

United States of America

Email: sunil.agriwal@stsjewels.com


Tanzanite International

Tanzanite International, a member of the Diamonds International family of stores, was established as a dedicated outlet for the sale of the rare gemstone Tanzanite.


Morris Gad, Chief Executive 

592 5th Avenue

8th Floor

New York

NY 10036

United States of America

Email: ellam@almod.com



In 2009, Tanzania produced 181,873 carats, worth some $25 million.



Diamonds have been found throughout the western parts of Zambia. However, all recoveries have been alluvial with no primary sources found to date. However, interest in locating primary sources for diamonds have been on the increase with the Zambian Government issuing several licenses in the Solwezi, Mufumbwe, Serenje and Luansya regions.





Paragon’s subsidiary Tamarisk Investments was awarded a diamond exploration licence in Zambia. The licence is in the east of the country, covers 862 km2 and contains 14 olivine lamproite pipes.

Tamarisk Investments, the Zambian subsidiary of International Diamond Consultants (IDC), in which Paragon holds a 44,3% interest, was granted the prospecting licence for the KapLamp area for an initial two-year period, expiring in November 2012.

Kabale River Properties

• The Kabale licence in Zambia is deemed prospective for kimberlites.

• Initial evaluation work is underway on this licence and results are anticipated to be available in the future.


Francesco ("Frank") Scolaro - Executive Chairman

Stephen Grimmer – Managing Director

Simon Retter – Finance Director

2nd Floor, Martin House, 26-30 Old Church Street,

London SW3 5BY.





Gemfields, one of the world’s foremost coloured gemstone producers, is found at the intersection of exploration, mining and marketing.

With a strong focus on Zambian emeralds, Gemfields mines, processes and markets both rough and polished gemstones internationally.

The company operates the 75 percent owned Kagem mine in Zambia which is the largest emerald mine in the world.

Gemfields recorded an FY 2010 production of 17,4-million carats.




Dev Shetty - Chief Financial Officer

54 Jermyn Street

8th Floor



Tel: +44 (0)20 7518 3400 Fax: +44 (0) 20 7197 8193.




Due to the predominant Archaean geology present in Zimbabwe, most of the country is being actively explored for diamonds. To date, Zimbabwe has three known commercial diamond mine, River Ranch situated in southern Zimbabwe, close to the border with South Africa as well as Murowa Diamond Mines, which is partly owned by Rio Tinto and the controversial Marange diamond fields where the government has partnered with few diamond juniors.



Obert Mpofu, Mines and Mining Development minister

Gift Chimankire Deputy Mines and Mining Development minister

Thankful Musukutwa, Permanent Secretary, Mines and Mining Development Ministry


ZIMRE Centre, 6 th Floor, Cnr Leopold Takawira/Kwame Nkrumah

P. Bag 7709, Causeway, Harare

Telephone: 263-4-777022/9, 798771-3, 798775

Fax: 263-4-777044, 798774



Department of Geological Survey

Maufe Building, Fifth St/Selous Avenue

P. O. Box CY 210, Causeway

Telephone: 263-4-730314/5

Fax: 263-4-253626

E-mail: zgs@mweb.co.zw

Web site: www.zimgeosv.co.zw





Rio Tinto is a significant diamond producer and the world’s largest producer of natural coloured diamonds. Rio Tinto has been in the diamond business since 1979 and today operates three world class diamond mines and an advanced diamond project.


The Murowa Diamond Mine

Rio Tinto owns a 78 per cent stake in Murowa, an open pit diamond mine near Zvishavane in southern

Zimbabwe. The mine comprises three pipes which were discovered in 1997. Production from Murowa began in 2004 with a current capability of around 300,000 carats per annum.

The resource has the potential to be expanded to 6-7 times its current production level. A review of the feasibility study for this expansion is currently underway, as are discussions with the Zimbabwean government on the required investment environment to support a project of this magnitude.


Neils Kristensen, Managing Director

Kenilworth Gardens

1 Kenilworth Road

Harare, Zimbabwe

Telephone: +263 4 746 614

Email: niels.kristensen@murowadiamonds.com




2. RANI INVESTMENT (Aujan Group of Company)


River Ranch

The River Ranch kimberlite was discovered in 1975 whilst following up on an alluvial diamond discovered in a stream draining the kimberlite.

The pipe is situated in the Central Zone of the Limpopo Belt, a zone of high grade metamorphism between the Zimbabwean and the Kaapvaal cratons and intrudes Archean metasediments of the Beitbridge Group.

The kimberlite body is an east-west striking body with a fault or dyke controlled north-east trending limb extending from the western end of the main body.

The kimberlite consists of essentially three main kimberlite types, namely tuffisitic kimberlite, tuffisitic kimberlite breccia and hypabyssal kimberlite.



Adel Aujan, Chairman

P.O. Box HG 675 



 +263 4 745011 +263 4 745609





Marange Resources is a subsidiary of the state-owned Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation (ZMDC). The company holds seven special grants in the Marange area. The government of Zimbabwe granted ZMDC permission to go into joint ventures for the development of the Marange diamond fields and this exercise was currently underway. Marange Resources was said to be the largest producer of diamonds in Zimbabwe.


c/o 90 Mutare Road

MMCZ Building


P.O. BOX 4101


TEL: +263 4487014-20 FAX: +263-4-487022

CEO: O. Dube


The firm partnered foreign firms on a 50-50 basis to mine alluvial diamonds in Marange and there are as follows:


1.Mbada Resources

Mbada is the trading name of Gondurango Pvt Ltd, which is a joint venture between ZMDC and its partners, Grandwell of South Africa. Mbada was mining diamonds in Marange on 1050 hectares. Mineral rights were acquired in 2006.


2.Canadile Miners (Now Marange Resources)

Canadile Miners was until recently a joint venture between Core Mining and Minerals, of South Africa, and ZMDC. The Zimbabwean government through ZMDC took-over full operations at the mine after Core Mining directors were arrested for false representation when they applied for the mining claims.



Anjin is a Chinese firm extracting diamonds in partnership with the Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation. Nothing much is known about this company’s operations.

Project director for Anjin is one Sun Jie.


4.Sino-Zim Mining resources

China-Zimbabwe joint venture


5.Diamond Mining Corporation

No information is available on the operations of this firm


6.Mining Corporation

No information is available on the operations of this firm


7.Pure Diamonds

This company is believed to be Canadian, according to media reports.



ACR is an AIM-listed multi-commodity resource development company focussed on Zimbabwe. The Company has been active in Zimbabwe since 2004 and has utilised its first mover advantage to establish a formidable balance sheet of world class assets at various stages of development. With over 12 key projects covering gold, nickel, platinum, copper, phosphate and diamonds, the Company is focussed on developing these important strategic assets for the benefit of all stake holders.



Located 200 miles south-east of Harare, ACR has the rights to a significant alluvial diamond discovery and is ready to commence production. However, its ownership is being disputed by the Zimbabwean Government, despite recent decisions in the High Court and Supreme Court vindicating ACR’s right to Title.

ACR is attempting to work with the Government to resolve the issue and has offered it equity partnership in this venture and awaits a response.


Regional Diamond Exploration

ACR has purchased a large historical diamond database from a company (Cratonic Resources) who sampled about 60 percent of the country for diamond indicator minerals in the 1990s.

This database has generated numerous targets for kimberlite pipes, and a field team is currently active investigating these opportunities. ACR is very optimistic about the potential within Zimbabwe to discover new diamondiferous kimberlites.


Andrew Cranswick, Chief Executive Officer

Nettlestead Place

Nettlestead, Maidstone

Kent ME18 5HA

+44 7920 189010




According to KP statistics Zimbabwe produced 963,501.70 in 2009.





1. African Diamond Council

 While overseeing transactions amid foreign mining companies and diamond-producing countries within Africa, the ADC's foremost mission is to establish and implement practical communal diamond laws, regulations and policies that not only support and defend its member States, but also works to promote a legal channel by working to prevent illicit trafficking of African diamonds mined in consequence of human suffering.

Rua Aníbal de Melo, nº 111A

Bairro Vila Alice/Nelito Soares



E-MAIL: ADPA@AfricanDiamondCouncil.org



2. African Diamond Producers Association (ADPA)

The Association seeks to encourage the creation of a forum of mining and diamond marketing companies operating in Africa that will support the ADPA in the realization of its objectives within the framework of sustainable development.

It was adopted in Luanda on the 4th of November 2006.


Executive Secretariat - Eng. Edgar Diogo de Carvalho

Rua:Anibal de Melo nº 111A

Vila Alice - cxp.720

T elefax: + 244 265 392 / 261 494

 Email: sec@adpa-diaf.org



The Diamond and Jewellery Federation of South Africa is the governing industry body that represents the diamond and jewellery industry and is made up of The Jewellery Council and The Diamond Council, each of whom represents various trade associations which fall within that sector. In addition, De Beers, AngloGold Ashanti, Anglo Platinum, The Chamber of Mines, Harmony and Mintek are also associated in their own right.

The Federation, situated in Johannesburg (the commercial capital of South Africa) plays a diverse role in representing the interests of the industry. Its objectives are to serve as the voice of the downstream diamond and jewellery industry in South Africa. Activities include marketing (local and international), representations to Government, negotiating on behalf of members on industry related issues, seminars and training courses, and the dissemination of information to the industry.


Lourens Mare - CEO

Suite 112, Regus Building

23 Wellington Road



Tel: +27711544-7958

Fax: +277865 049 512

Email: lourensm@jewellery.org.za




Braen Migogo-CEO

Email: braenm@jewellery.org.za

Tel: +277 334-1930




President - ERNEST BLOM

Tel: +277334-1930

Email: admin@jewellery.org.za


6. Diamond Manufacturers Association of Namibia

Chairman: Burhan Seber

67 Newcastle St Northern Industries

Tel: +264-61-213580